News in Brief

Erectile Dysfunction More Prevalent in Illicit Users of Amphetamine

Erectile Dysfunction More Prevalent in Illicit Users of Amphetamine

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Amphetamine users were twice as likely as non-users to experience erectile dysfunction.

Sacral Neuromodulation Testing Increasing

Sacral Neuromodulation Testing Increasing

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The number of neuromodulation test procedures performed per physician has increased.

Finasteride Can Decrease TURP-Related Blood Loss

Finasteride Can Decrease TURP-Related Blood Loss

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Neither drug decreased operative time, prostate volume, or weight of gland resected.

Reoperation Rate Low After HoLEP for Enlarged Prostate

Reoperation Rate Low After HoLEP for Enlarged Prostate

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Ten years after the laser procedure, no reoperation was needed for 95% of patients treated for symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Prostatitis Found to Increase Prostate Cancer Risk

Prostatitis Found to Increase Prostate Cancer Risk

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Researchers observe no association between prostate cancer and urethritis, orchitis, or epididymitis.

Adverse Events Common During Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

Adverse Events Common During Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

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In a study, the incidence of hyperphosphatemia, ionized hypocalcemia, and ionized hypercalcemia was 44%, 22%, and 23%, respectively.

Prostate Cancer Death Risk Lowered by Statin-Metformin Combo

Prostate Cancer Death Risk Lowered by Statin-Metformin Combo

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In a study of high-risk PCa patients, the statin-metformin combo was associated with a 43% reduction in risk compared with non-use of the medications.

PPIs, Low Magnesium Linked in Renal Transplant Patients

PPIs, Low Magnesium Linked in Renal Transplant Patients

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Study of renal transplant patients also shows that proton pump inhibitors are associated with increased arterial stiffness.

Low Physical Function Not Tied to Muscle Mass

Low Physical Function Not Tied to Muscle Mass

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Patients on maintenance hemodialysis have worse physical function than other elderly patients, study says.

Portugal's RRT Incidence Rate Is Highest in Europe

Portugal's RRT Incidence Rate Is Highest in Europe

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New report shows that Montenegro had the lowest rate of renal replacement therapy.

PAE Safe, Effective in BPH Patients with Medium and Large Prostates

PAE Safe, Effective in BPH Patients with Medium and Large Prostates

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Outcomes were significantly better in men with large prostates, however.

Uric Acid Predicts eGFR Decline in IgAN Patients

Uric Acid Predicts eGFR Decline in IgAN Patients

Baseline serum uric acid levels significantly predicted the change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).

Tea Overconsumption Causes Nephropathy

Tea Overconsumption Causes Nephropathy

Excessive consumption of iced tea has been linked to renal failure caused by oxalate nephropathy in a case study appearing in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Hyponatremia Lengthens Cancer Patient Hospital Stay

Hyponatremia Lengthens Cancer Patient Hospital Stay

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Among patients whose hospital stay was 1-5 days, none had hyponatremia at admission versus 81.6% and 53.8% of those who had a hospital stay of 6-15 days and longer than 15 days, respectively.

Study: Iron-Based Phosphate Binders Good for Renal Anemia

Study: Iron-Based Phosphate Binders Good for Renal Anemia

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The medication may represent a new treatment option for dialysis patients, researchers concluded.

Low-Grade Prostate Cancers Rarely Metastasize

Low-Grade Prostate Cancers Rarely Metastasize

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In a study, not a single case of metastatic disease developed among 449 men who had a tumor grade of Gleason 6 or less at radical prostatectomy.

FDA Authorizes Device for Dialysis-Related Amyloidosis

FDA Authorizes Device for Dialysis-Related Amyloidosis

Lixelle Beta 2-microglobulin Apheresis Column authorized for use in DRA

Extranasal S. aureus Common In Maintenance HD Patients

Extranasal S. aureus Common In Maintenance HD Patients

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Extranasal Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of healthcare-associated infections in hemodialysis patients.

Metformin May Reduce Prostate Cancer Recurrence Risk

Metformin May Reduce Prostate Cancer Recurrence Risk

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Meta-analysis shows that use of medication is associated with an 18% lower risk.

Statins Cut Death Risk in Non-Obstructive CAD

Statins Cut Death Risk in Non-Obstructive CAD

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Statin use is associated with a decreased risk of all-cause mortality among patients with non-obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD).

Prospective Study Supports Active Surveillance for Small Renal Masses

Prospective Study Supports Active Surveillance for Small Renal Masses

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Data reveal no significant differences in overall and cancer-specific survival at 5 years.

Lycopene May Lower Kidney Cancer Risk in Older Women

Lycopene May Lower Kidney Cancer Risk in Older Women

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In a study of post-menopausal women, the highest quartile of lycopene intake was associated with a significant 39% decreased risk of renal cell carcinoma versus the lowest quartile.

Women with Type 1 Diabetes Fare Worse Than Men

Women with Type 1 Diabetes Fare Worse Than Men

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Among the increased risks, women with the disease had an 86% higher chance of dying from cardiovascular disease than men.

Prostate Cancer Not More Common in Hemophiliacs

Prostate Cancer Not More Common in Hemophiliacs

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Patients with hemophilia, however, do have a higher incidence of cancers overall.

Higher BMI May Lower ESRD Risk in Some Patients

Higher BMI May Lower ESRD Risk in Some Patients

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Decreased risk of ESRD was observed in individuals without the metabolic syndrome.

Music Found to Lessen Prostate Biopsy Pain, Anxiety

Music Found to Lessen Prostate Biopsy Pain, Anxiety

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Classical music played during the procedure also improved satisfaction and willingness to undergo a repeat biopsy.

Screen Asians for Diabetes at Lower BMI

Screen Asians for Diabetes at Lower BMI

ADA: Asian-Americans should be screened for diabetes when they have a BMI of 23 or higher.

FDA Approves Combo Zerbaxa for UTI

FDA Approves Combo Zerbaxa for UTI

Combo Zerbaxa is sanctioned for complicated intra-abdominal and urinary tract infections

Osteoporosis in ESRD Patients Ups Cardiovascular Risks

Osteoporosis in ESRD Patients Ups Cardiovascular Risks

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Osteoporosis is significantly associated with an elevated likelihood of coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and stroke.

Length of Stay Predictors for Infants Hospitalized with Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Length of Stay Predictors for Infants Hospitalized with Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

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Younger age, preterm birth among clinical factors that predict a longer length of stay (LOS) for infants hospitalized with an urinary tract infection (UTI).

Vitamin D May Protect Against Bladder Cancer

Vitamin D May Protect Against Bladder Cancer

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High serum levels of vitamin D may have a protective effect against bladder cancer.

Partial Nephrectomy Better for Certain Kidney Cancer Patients

Partial Nephrectomy Better for Certain Kidney Cancer Patients

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It preserves kidney function better than radical nephrectomy in patients with small- to medium-sized tumors, study finds.

Low Sodium Levels at Hospital Admission Increase Mortality Risk

Low Sodium Levels at Hospital Admission Increase Mortality Risk

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Hyponatremia at time of hospital admission also increases patients' length of stay.

What should the Republican-controlled Congress do about the Affordable Care Act?

What should the Republican-controlled Congress do about the Affordable Care Act?

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Republicans will be the majority party in the Senate and have increased their majority in the House of Representatives.

Bariatric Surgery Ups Kidney Stone Rates

Bariatric Surgery Ups Kidney Stone Rates

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During 6 years of follow-up, new stone formation increased significantly in the surgery patients.

Periodontal Disease Common in Hemodialysis (HD) Patients

Periodontal Disease Common in Hemodialysis (HD) Patients

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Severe periodontal disease (PDD) is present in almost one-quarter of hemodialysis (HD) patients.

Stone Removal by f-URS Okay for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Patients

Stone Removal by f-URS Okay for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Patients

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Flexible ureterorenoscopy (f-URS) is safe and effective for removing kidney stones in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Pre-Treatment Statins Reduce Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Risk

Pre-Treatment Statins Reduce Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Risk

Review shows reduction in acute kidney injury with high-dose statins versus low-dose or placebo.

Aspirin May Lower Non-Metastatic Prostate Cancer Mortality

Aspirin May Lower Non-Metastatic Prostate Cancer Mortality

Significant association observed for high-risk prostate cancers with no difference according to daily dose.

Smoking Found to Cut Gout Risk

Smoking Found to Cut Gout Risk

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Analysis found that cigarette smoking was associated with a 24% overall reduction in gout risk.

Transurethral Resection (TUR) Bladder Perforation May Worsen Outcomes

Transurethral Resection (TUR) Bladder Perforation May Worsen Outcomes

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Investigators report earlier bladder tumor relapse and higher risk of T-stage progression.

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Common in Intensive Care Units

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Common in Intensive Care Units

Acute kidney injury is common in critically ill surgical patients and is associated with worse survival.

Radical Prostatectomy Outcomes Similar for Obese, Non-Obese

Radical Prostatectomy Outcomes Similar for Obese, Non-Obese

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Outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in obese patients are mostly comparable to non-obese patients.

Mortality in Lupus Patients Does Not Differ By Dialysis Type

Mortality in Lupus Patients Does Not Differ By Dialysis Type

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Large study looked at matched pairs of lupus patients with renal disease starting dialysis with hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.

Erectile Dysfunction (ED) Drug Taken 15 Minutes Before Sexual Activity Approved

Erectile Dysfunction (ED) Drug Taken 15 Minutes Before Sexual Activity Approved

FDA has approved a supplemental new drug application for Stendra (avanafil) taken early as ~15 minutes before sexual activity.

Ferric Citrate Approved for Phosphorus Control in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Patients

Ferric Citrate Approved for Phosphorus Control in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Patients

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In addition to reducing serum phosphorus levels to within the recommended range, ferric citrate increases iron stores.

Kidney Stone Burden Predicts Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Risk

Kidney Stone Burden Predicts Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Risk

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A study revealed an increased risk of chronic kidney disease in patients with a cumulative stone size less than 20 mm.

BRCA2 Mutation Ups Prostate Cancer Death Risk

BRCA2 Mutation Ups Prostate Cancer Death Risk

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In a study, the 12-year prostate cancer survival rate was 61.8% for men with the mutation versus 94.3% for those without it.

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