News in Brief

AVF Placement Less Likely in Metropolitan Areas

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Rates of AVF placement in patients approaching HD in the US are significantly lower in metropolitan areas.

ESA Resistance Found To Increase Mortality

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Greater resistance to ESA is associated with an increased risk of death among patients on chronic HD.

Overactive Bladder Found to Raise Nocturia Risk

Overactive Bladder Found to Raise Nocturia Risk

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In a study, severe nocturia predicted increased mortality risk.

Kidney Stone Procedure May Up Diabetes Risk

Kidney Stone Procedure May Up Diabetes Risk

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Patients treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy had a 79% increased risk of diabetes compared with those treated with extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy.

Erectile Dysfunction Improves with Statin Use

Erectile Dysfunction Improves with Statin Use

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Systematic review and meta-analysis show that use of the lipid-lowering agents can improve erectile function scores.

Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury Predicts Poor Outcomes

Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury Predicts Poor Outcomes

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Condition significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular events and death.

IV Iron Drugs Demonstrate Similar Efficacy, AE Rates

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Ferumoxytol and iron sucrose have comparable safety in the treatment of anemia in patients with CKD.

Complications of PCa Treatment Characterized

Complications of PCa Treatment Characterized

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Complications other than urinary incontinence or erectile dysfunction occur frequently following treatment for PCa.

High Uric Acid Raises Risk of Diabetes

High Uric Acid Raises Risk of Diabetes

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Elevated levels of uric acid are associated with an increased likelihood of diabetes.

Study: AKI Develops in 7% of PCI Patients

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AKI develops in 7% of patients undergoing PCI.

Surgical Quality Not Just Related to Volume

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Prostate cancer patients who undergo RP by a different urologist are less likely to suffer surgical complications.

Moderate Hyponatremia Increases Death Risk

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Even moderate hyponatremia declines are associated with an increased risk of death.

Bladder Cancer Linked to HER2 Breast Cancer Gene

Bladder Cancer Linked to HER2 Breast Cancer Gene

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Study demonstrates an association with micropapillary urothelial carcinoma.

Prostate Cancer Death Risk Higher in Diabetics

Prostate Cancer Death Risk Higher in Diabetics

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Type 2 diabetes is associated with a 23% and 25% increased risk of prostate cancer-specific and overall mortality, respectively.

Higher Aspirin Doses May Cut Prostate Cancer Mortality

Higher Aspirin Doses May Cut Prostate Cancer Mortality

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In a study, men taking doses above 75 mg had a significant 39% decreased risk of death from prostate cancer.

Acute Kidney Injury Worse Than MI for Heart, Kidneys

Acute Kidney Injury Worse Than MI for Heart, Kidneys

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Patients hospitalized with AKI experienced more adverse renocardiovascular events than patients hospitalized with MI.

Transplanted Kidneys Can Harbor AIDS Virus

Transplanted Kidneys Can Harbor AIDS Virus

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HIV-1 was found in podocytes or tubular cells of renal allografts in recipients who did not have detectable plasma levels of the virus.

Bladder Instillation of Heparin May Prevent UTIs

Bladder Instillation of Heparin May Prevent UTIs

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Pilot study demonstrates positive results in women suffering recurrent urinary tract infections.

Gout Runs in the Family

Gout Runs in the Family

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Individuals with first-degree relatives affected by the condition are twice as likely as those in the general population to experienced gout.

Should there be a federal medical license?

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It is not uncommon for doctors to move around during their career, not just from one part of a state to another.

Penile Shortening After Prostate Surgery Temporary

Penile Shortening After Prostate Surgery Temporary

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Slight shrinkage occurs early after radical prostatectomy, but by six months, the length returns to what it was before surgery.

Pre-Dialysis Conception May Improve Birth Rate

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Starting dialysis after conception, not before, may improve birth rates in women with end-stage renal disease.

Fatigued Prostate Cancer Patients Benefit from Mind-Body Activity

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Twelve weeks of Qigong relieved fatigue and distress, researchers report.

TSPO Not Needed for Testosterone Production After All

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Improved understanding of biosynthesis mechanisms will lead to better diagnoses and treatments for steroid hormone production disorders.

New CDC Tools Aim to Reduce Dialysis Infections

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Agency releases a video, a poster, and a pocket guide to help providers and patients prevent development of infectious complications in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Living Donor Comorbidities Are Increasing, Study Finds

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Complications and hospital lengths of stay after kidney donation declined from 10.1% and a mean 3.7 days, respectively.

Kidney Function Deteriorates Long After Childhood Cancer

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Survivors of childhood cancer are at risk for premature chronic renal failure as their glomerular function continues to deteriorate.

Citrus Component Thwarts Kidney Cysts

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The dietary flavonoid naringenin has been found to regulate the PKD2 protein responsible for polycystic kidney disease.

New Device Improves Urine Flow in BPH

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The FDA has approved the first permanent implant to relieve low or blocked urine flow in men aged 50 years and older with BPH.

CKD On the Rise in Individuals Aged 80+

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Efforts to address chronic kidney disease among individuals aged 80 years and older may be necessary.

Renacidin Irrigation Back for Use Against Kidney, Bladder Stones

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The drug, which was off the market for the past year and a half, is indicated for the dissolution of renal and vesical calculi of the apatite or struvite variety.

Radical Cystectomy Patients May Need Longer VTE Prophylaxis

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More than half of all venous thromboembolism events were diagnosed after patient discharge.

Ipecac Component Boosts Cisplatin in Bladder Cancer

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Study suggests benefit of adding of emetine dihydrochloride to treatment.

Do you ever reserve free drug samples for uninsured or low income patients?

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Some uninsured or low-income patients have been known to go without filling prescriptions because they cannot afford them.

Biomarker Found to Predict AKI in Emergency Patients

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A prospective cohort study has shown plasma NGAL to be an accurate biomarker for predicting acute kidney injury.

Combined High-Dosage Drugs Shown to Ease Resistant OAB

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Elderly patients with OAB may benefit from combined high-dosage antimuscarinics.

Higher ACR Tied to CHD in Blacks

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A higher urinary ACRwas linked with a greater risk of incident CHD but not recurrent CHD.

New Penile Cancer Guidelines Issued

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Partial or total penectomy with a negative surgical margin remains the gold standard in managing invasive penile cancer.

Peritoneal Dialysis May Reduce Stroke Damage

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PD may lower glutamate levels released into the brain during ischemic stroke, minimizing tissue damage

Exercise May Counter Diet-Related ED

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Aerobic exercise training could be a practical means of preventing ED brought on by a Western diet.

Walnuts Found to Prevent Prostate Tumors in Mice

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A walnut-enriched diet reduced the establishment and growth of human prostate cancer in mice.

Preop Ultrasound Protects Kidneys

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A noninvasive, nonpharmacologic, ultrasound-based method of preventing renal ischemia-reperfusion injury could help prevent surgery-related AKI.

Low IL-10 Predicts Poor Sleep in HD Patients

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Reduced circulating levels are significantly associated with poor sleep quality in HD patients.

PCa Decision Aids Do Not Sway Men

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Print- and Web-based tools presenting the benefits and limitations of PSA testing served to help men resolve their own conflicts.

Urine Odors May Pick Up Bladder Cancer

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A device containing a sensor can indicate in approximately 30 minutes whether cancer cells are present in the bladder.

Kidney Transplant Survival Less in the Severely Obese

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At one-year post-transplant, the risk of death was reduced by 66% or more in transplant recipients with a BMI below 40, but was reduced by only 48% in recipients with a BMI of 40 or higher

Statins May Increase Odds of New-Onset Diabetes

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Treatment with more potent statins may increase the risk of new-onset diabetes.

Low Bicarbonate in CKD Patients Raises Death Risk

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Low serum bicarbonate is a strong predictor of mortality among adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Prostate Cancer Associated With Sleep Disturbances

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Certain aspects of sleep disruption may confer an increased risk of prostate cancer (PCa).

Soy, Tomato Diets Cut PCa in Mice

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Mice that had been genetically engineered to develop prostate cancer showed far fewer cancerous lesions.

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