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Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Common in Intensive Care Units

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Common in Intensive Care Units

Acute kidney injury is common in critically ill surgical patients and is associated with worse survival.

Radical Prostatectomy Outcomes Similar for Obese, Non-Obese

Radical Prostatectomy Outcomes Similar for Obese, Non-Obese

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Outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in obese patients are mostly comparable to non-obese patients.

Ferric Citrate Approved for Phosphorus Control in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Patients

Ferric Citrate Approved for Phosphorus Control in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Patients

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In addition to reducing serum phosphorus levels to within the recommended range, ferric citrate increases iron stores.

Kidney Stone Burden Predicts Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Risk

Kidney Stone Burden Predicts Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Risk

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A study revealed an increased risk of chronic kidney disease in patients with a cumulative stone size less than 20 mm.

BRCA2 Mutation Ups Prostate Cancer Death Risk

BRCA2 Mutation Ups Prostate Cancer Death Risk

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In a study, the 12-year prostate cancer survival rate was 61.8% for men with the mutation versus 94.3% for those without it.

 Two-Drug Pill Okayed for Treating Diabetes

Two-Drug Pill Okayed for Treating Diabetes

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Invokamet combines in a single table canagliflozin and metformin.

Diabetic Nephropathy Linked to Hypothyroidism

Diabetic Nephropathy Linked to Hypothyroidism

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Researchers find an independent association in a study of Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes.

Reasons for Alpha Blocker Switch ID'd

Reasons for Alpha Blocker Switch ID'd

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Lack of efficacy is the main reason for the switch.

Urodynamic Studies On the Upswing

Urodynamic Studies On the Upswing

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Urodynamic studies for female Medicare patients increased by 29% from 2000 to 2010.

Prior Cancer Ups Death Risk After Kidney Transplantation

Prior Cancer Ups Death Risk After Kidney Transplantation

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A pre-transplant history of malignancy increases the 10-year post-transplant mortality risk by 22%.

Hemodialysis Antibiotic Lock Cuts Infection Risk

Hemodialysis Antibiotic Lock Cuts Infection Risk

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A solution of gentamicin and citrate decreased the likelihood of catheter-related infections and mortality.

Prostate Cancer Patients Face Higher Risk of Second Malignancies

Prostate Cancer Patients Face Higher Risk of Second Malignancies

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Study reveals a 2-fold greater likelihood of primary kidney and bladder cancer compared with men in the general population.

Stroke Risk Higher in Patients Who Recover from Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)

Stroke Risk Higher in Patients Who Recover from Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)

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Taiwan study reveals a 25% increased risk of stroke among patients who recover from dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury.

Is allowing patients direct access to lab results a good idea?

Is allowing patients direct access to lab results a good idea?

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A ruling from the HHS took effect allowing patients direct access to medical laboratory results.

Partial Nephrectomy Superior Despite Kidney Tumor Size

Partial Nephrectomy Superior Despite Kidney Tumor Size

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Renal function is preserved better compared with radical nephrectomy even when tumors are larger than the traditional 4 cm cutoff.

Nephron Sparing Surgery Okay for Tumors in Transplanted Kidneys

Nephron Sparing Surgery Okay for Tumors in Transplanted Kidneys

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At last follow-up, 41 of 43 patients who underwent partial nephrectomy did not require dialysis.

FDA Okays Rapid-Acting Inhaled Insulin

FDA Okays Rapid-Acting Inhaled Insulin

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Afrezza is administered at the start of each meal or within 20 minutes after starting a meal.

Ureteroscopy Use for Stones Increasing

Ureteroscopy Use for Stones Increasing

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Researchers found increasing use of ureteroscopy and decreasing use of shock wave lithotripsy.

Citrus Fruit May Lower Bladder Cancer Risk

Citrus Fruit May Lower Bladder Cancer Risk

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Meta-analysis demonstrates a protective effect with high intake.

 Homocysteine Levels Elevated in Gout Patients

Homocysteine Levels Elevated in Gout Patients

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Korean study also revealed an inverse association between serum homocysteine levels and renal function.

Acute Kidney Injury Linked to ARDS

Acute Kidney Injury Linked to ARDS

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Critically ill patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome are at 11 times increased risk of acute kidney injury.

Cardiovascular Events Hike CKD Patients' ESRD Risk

Cardiovascular Events Hike CKD Patients' ESRD Risk

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Heart failure, myocardial infarction, or stroke also increase the risk of death prior to ESRD.

VUR Antimicrobial Prophylaxis Beneficial

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Antimicrobial prophylaxis for children with VUR after a febrile UT) decreases risk.

Blood Pressure Meds Taken At Bedtime May Cut Diabetes Risk

Blood Pressure Meds Taken At Bedtime May Cut Diabetes Risk

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The likelihood of new-onset diabetes decreased by 57% among hypertensive patients who took at least 1 BP medication at bedtime.

FDA Clears First Nasal Testosterone Therapy

FDA Clears First Nasal Testosterone Therapy

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The product is self-administered via a nasal applicator.

Unplanned Visits After Urinary Stone Treatment Defined

Unplanned Visits After Urinary Stone Treatment Defined

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Study reveals that 1 in 7 patients present to an emergency department or are hospitalized after a procedure.

Hemodialysis Patients Face Higher Hip Fracture Risk

Hemodialysis Patients Face Higher Hip Fracture Risk

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The risk is more than 13 times greater than with peritoneal dialysis.

Lower Cholesterol Has No Effect on Kidney Disease Progression

Lower Cholesterol Has No Effect on Kidney Disease Progression

Cholesterol-lowering therapy is indicated in CKD patients to prevent cardiovascular risk.

Statins May Improve RCC Surgery Outcomes

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Statin use decreases the risk of disease progression after surgery for localized RCC.

Uric Acid Lowering Has Renal Benefits

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Patients with hyperuricemia who use urate-lowering therapies are less likely to experience renal function decline.

ESA Use in Dialysis Patients May Increase Their Cancer Risk

ESA Use in Dialysis Patients May Increase Their Cancer Risk

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Doses higher than 70 μg per week were associated with a 77% greater risk of cancer compared with non-use of the agents.

Regular Aspirin Use Lowers Prostate Cancer (PCa) Risk

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Regular use, and especially long-time regular use, of aspirin may decrease the risk of PCa overall and advanced PCa.

Cryoablation Offers Long-Term RCC Control

Cryoablation Offers Long-Term RCC Control

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The 5-year disease-free and cancer-specific survival rates were 94.7% and 100%, respectively.

Renal Mass Biopsy Seldom Used Pre-RCC Surgery

Renal Mass Biopsy Seldom Used Pre-RCC Surgery

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Only 17% and 20% of patients undergoing radical or partial nephrectomy, respectively, had a renal mass biopsy in advance of surgery.

Kidney Remaining After Donor Nephrectomy Increases in Size

Kidney Remaining After Donor Nephrectomy Increases in Size

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Increment in renal parenchymal volume occurs within days after a kidney is removed from a living donor.

Post-Transplant Diabetes Risk Tied to BMI

Post-Transplant Diabetes Risk Tied to BMI

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The risk of new-onset diabetes after a kidney transplant increases along with pretransplant body mass index.

AVF Placement Less Likely in Metropolitan Areas

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Rates of AVF placement in patients approaching HD in the US are significantly lower in metropolitan areas.

Renal Ablation Safe, Effective for Elderly Patients

Renal Ablation Safe, Effective for Elderly Patients

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Data support the use of percutaneous cryoablation and radiofrequency ablation for small renal tumors.

ESA Resistance Found To Increase Mortality

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Greater resistance to ESA is associated with an increased risk of death among patients on chronic HD.

Overactive Bladder Found to Raise Nocturia Risk

Overactive Bladder Found to Raise Nocturia Risk

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In a study, severe nocturia predicted increased mortality risk.

Kidney Stone Procedure May Up Diabetes Risk

Kidney Stone Procedure May Up Diabetes Risk

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Patients treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy had a 79% increased risk of diabetes compared with those treated with extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy.

Erectile Dysfunction Improves with Statin Use

Erectile Dysfunction Improves with Statin Use

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Systematic review and meta-analysis show that use of the lipid-lowering agents can improve erectile function scores.

Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury Predicts Poor Outcomes

Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury Predicts Poor Outcomes

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Condition significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular events and death.

IV Iron Drugs Demonstrate Similar Efficacy, AE Rates

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Ferumoxytol and iron sucrose have comparable safety in the treatment of anemia in patients with CKD.

Complications of PCa Treatment Characterized

Complications of PCa Treatment Characterized

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Complications other than urinary incontinence or erectile dysfunction occur frequently following treatment for PCa.

High Uric Acid Raises Risk of Diabetes

High Uric Acid Raises Risk of Diabetes

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Elevated levels of uric acid are associated with an increased likelihood of diabetes.

Study: AKI Develops in 7% of PCI Patients

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AKI develops in 7% of patients undergoing PCI.

Surgical Quality Not Just Related to Volume

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Prostate cancer patients who undergo RP by a different urologist are less likely to suffer surgical complications.

Moderate Hyponatremia Increases Death Risk

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Even moderate hyponatremia declines are associated with an increased risk of death.

Bladder Cancer Linked to HER2 Breast Cancer Gene

Bladder Cancer Linked to HER2 Breast Cancer Gene

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Study demonstrates an association with micropapillary urothelial carcinoma.

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