News in Brief

Prostate Cancer BCR Risk Not Linked to Statin Use

Prostate Cancer BCR Risk Not Linked to Statin Use

By

Over a median follow-up of 70 months, 15% of men studied experienced biochemical recurrence.

Bacteremia in UTI Patients Tied to Abnormal CT Findings

Bacteremia in UTI Patients Tied to Abnormal CT Findings

By

In a study of 189 adult UTI patients who underwent CT scans, investigators identified bacteremia in 40.2%.

Hypertension May Raise Prostate Cancer Risk

Hypertension May Raise Prostate Cancer Risk

By

Data from 21 observational studies showed an 8% increased risk of prostate cancer.

Post-ESWL Renal Hematoma Linked to High, Low BMI

Post-ESWL Renal Hematoma Linked to High, Low BMI

By

High and low body mass index are can cause renal hematoma for patients undergoing extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.

Low Sodium Levels Up  PD Patient Mortality

Low Sodium Levels Up PD Patient Mortality

By

Patients in the lowest serum sodium group had a 49% increased risk of dying compared with those who had the highest serum sodium levels.

Vitamin D Supplements Do Not Raise Stone Risk

Vitamin D Supplements Do Not Raise Stone Risk

By

Vitamin D supplementation increased the risk of hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria but did not increase the risk of kidney stones.

Low Hemoglobin Associated With Elevated Risk of CIN

Low Hemoglobin Associated With Elevated Risk of CIN

By

CIN developed in 14.7% of patients with low hemoglobin levels compared with 5% of those with normal levels.

Tight Glycemic Control May Help Diabetic NMIBC Patients

Tight Glycemic Control May Help Diabetic NMIBC Patients

By

Patients with diabetes had a significant 42% increased risk of recurrence of cancer and 79% increased risk of progression.

Reduced Kidney Function Ups Likelihood of AFib

Reduced Kidney Function Ups Likelihood of AFib

By

Over a median follow-up of 3.7 years, researchers observed 159 incident cases of atrial fibrillation.

SHPT Risk Factors Identified

SHPT Risk Factors Identified

By

Serum phosphorus and serum creatinine found to be independent predictors of secondary hyperparathyroidism.

Intestinal Autoimmunity Possibly Linked to ADT

Intestinal Autoimmunity Possibly Linked to ADT

By

ADT for prostate cancer may be associated with a reduced risk of inflammatory bowel disease.

Shockwave Therapy May Ease Peyronie's Disease

Shockwave Therapy May Ease Peyronie's Disease

ESWT is associated with significantly increased odds of reduced plaques and pain relief.

Venous Thromboembolism Linked to High Uric Acid

Venous Thromboembolism Linked to High Uric Acid

By

Highest vs lowest uric acid levels associated with a 2-fold increased risk of VTE.

Hip Fracture Rate Higher in Non-Dialysis CKD

Hip Fracture Rate Higher in Non-Dialysis CKD

Patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be at elevated risk for hip fracture, according the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

New Study Supports Use of Trimodal Therapy for MIBC

New Study Supports Use of Trimodal Therapy for MIBC

By

Researchers find no difference in 5-year disease-specific survival between multi-disciplinary bladder-sparing approach and radical cystectomy.

New Drug Cleared to Treat SHPT in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

New Drug Cleared to Treat SHPT in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

By

Calcifediol formulation is indicated for CKD stage 3 or 4 patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism associated with vitamin D insufficiency.

Lupus Nephritis ESRD Has Worse Outcomes

Lupus Nephritis ESRD Has Worse Outcomes

By

Researchers find an increased risk of death among patients.

Post-RP Radiation Therapy May Raise OAB Risk

Post-RP Radiation Therapy May Raise OAB Risk

By

De novo OAB — defined as urgency with or without frequency and nocturia — developed in some patients.

Morbid Obesity Ups Viral Infection Risk After a Kidney Transplant

Morbid Obesity Ups Viral Infection Risk After a Kidney Transplant

By

In a study, viral infections occurred in 52.4% of patients with a BMI of 35 kg/m2 or higher compared with 37.1% of those with a lower BMI.

Drug Cleared for Refractory Advanced Bladder Cancer

Drug Cleared for Refractory Advanced Bladder Cancer

By

Atezolizumab received accelerated FDA approval for patients whose disease has progressed despite platinum-based chemotherapy.

Surgeons Perform First Penile Transplant in the US

Surgeons Perform First Penile Transplant in the US

The 15-hour surgery took place in early May.

N-Acetylcysteine May Protect Against CIN

N-Acetylcysteine May Protect Against CIN

N-acetylcysteine patients had significantly decreased odds of contrast-induced nephropathy.

Aminosalicylates Cut PCa Risk in Men with IBD

Aminosalicylates Cut PCa Risk in Men with IBD

By

Researchers found an adjusted 68% decreased risk of prostate cancer in men with IBD who used aminosalicylate.

PSA Screening More Likely Among Blacks

PSA Screening More Likely Among Blacks

The odds of PSA screening were higher among blacks than non-Hispanic whites.

Fluoroquinolones May Be Unwarranted for High PSA

Fluoroquinolones May Be Unwarranted for High PSA

By

PSA level declined by an average of 0.68 ng/mL in the treatment group.

Hidden Hypercalcemia Common in Hemodialysis Patients

Hidden Hypercalcemia Common in Hemodialysis Patients

By

The condition is associated with a death risk similar to that of apparent hypercalcemia.

PTH Level Unrelated to Parathyroid Glands' Weight, Blood Flow

PTH Level Unrelated to Parathyroid Glands' Weight, Blood Flow

By

Iranian study of hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism finds no significant correlation.

Silodosin Safe, Effective for Symptomatic BPH

Silodosin Safe, Effective for Symptomatic BPH

By

Three quarters of patients experienced significant improvements in lower urinary tract symptoms and quality of life observed and were satisfied with treatment.

Mirabegron Found to Relieve Refractory OAB in Children

Mirabegron Found to Relieve Refractory OAB in Children

By

Patients' median bladder capacity improved from 150 to 200 mL and continence improved in nearly 90% of patients.

Nighttime BP Elevated in Prediabetes Patients With CKD

Nighttime BP Elevated in Prediabetes Patients With CKD

By

In these patients, systolic blood pressure at night was elevated by an average of 2.9 mm Hg.

Poor Appetite, Lower GFR Linked in Children With CKD

Poor Appetite, Lower GFR Linked in Children With CKD

Children with a ieGFR below 30 mL/min/1.73m2 have 4.5-fold greater odds of having a worse appetite.

Intradialytic Hypotension Hikes Long-Term Death Risk

Intradialytic Hypotension Hikes Long-Term Death Risk

By

The condition is independently associated with a 60% increased risk of 5-year mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients.

Racial Disparity in Survival Found in Pediatric Dialysis Patients

Racial Disparity in Survival Found in Pediatric Dialysis Patients

By

African-American children are 64% more likely to die than white children.

Bariatric Surgery Type Influences Stone Risk

Bariatric Surgery Type Influences Stone Risk

By

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is associated with a 73% increased pooled RR of kidney stones.

Suprapubic Tubes May Be Better for RALP Patients

Suprapubic Tubes May Be Better for RALP Patients

By

Advantages in terms of bother and pain surface in a prospective randomized trial comparing suprapubic tubes and urethral catheters.

Rosiglitazone May Up Bladder Cancer Risk

Rosiglitazone May Up Bladder Cancer Risk

Exclusive rosiglitazone use is associated with 3-fold increased odds of bladder cancer.

Mid-Urethral Slings for SUI Offer Long-Term Efficacy

Mid-Urethral Slings for SUI Offer Long-Term Efficacy

By

More than 95% of women reported no stress urinary incontinence at 2-, 5-, and 10 year follow-up.

Papillary RCC More Common in African Americans

Papillary RCC More Common in African Americans

By

Racial difference found among patients undergoing robotic partial nephrectomy for renal tumors.

PAE Effect on Prostate Zones Characterized

PAE Effect on Prostate Zones Characterized

By

Prostatic arterial embolization significantly reduced volumes of median lobes, central zones, peripheral zones, and whole prostate glands.

Hypospadias Prevalence Found to Vary Widely

Hypospadias Prevalence Found to Vary Widely

By

True prevalence of hypospadias and related trends are difficult to estimate.

Statin Use May Raise Kidney Disease Risk

Statin Use May Raise Kidney Disease Risk

By

Statin users had 30% increased odds of acute kidney injury and 36% increased odds of chronic kidney disease compared with non-users.

Study Supports Use of SWL for Moderate-Sized Stones

Study Supports Use of SWL for Moderate-Sized Stones

By

SWL treatment success rate was 70.4% and 53.1% for stones less than 15 mm and 15 mm or larger, respectively.

Hyperkalemia Linked to Aldosterone Antagonist Use

Hyperkalemia Linked to Aldosterone Antagonist Use

By

Researchers identified the association in a cohort of older patients with reduced ejection fraction after acute myocardial infarction.

RCC Surgery Outcomes Not Worse in Extremely Obese Patients

RCC Surgery Outcomes Not Worse in Extremely Obese Patients

By

Study reveals no significant differences in hospital readmission rates and overall, cancer-specific, and recurrence-free survival rates.

Hyperkalemia-Diabetes Link Found in CKD Patients

Hyperkalemia-Diabetes Link Found in CKD Patients

By

Among patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease, hyperkalemia prevalence is significantly higher among diabetic than non-diabetics.

Low Chloride Levels Linked to Adverse Outcomes in Pre-dialysis CKD

Low Chloride Levels Linked to Adverse Outcomes in Pre-dialysis CKD

By

Researchers observe an increased risk of a composite outcome of death from any cause and cardiovascular events.

Levocarnitine Improves Cardiac Function in Hemodialysis Patients

Levocarnitine Improves Cardiac Function in Hemodialysis Patients

By

Patients also experienced a reduction in left ventricular mass index.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters