Complications of PCa Treatment Characterized

Complications other than UI or ED occur frequently following treatment for PCa.
Complications other than UI or ED occur frequently following treatment for PCa.

Complications other than urinary incontinence or erectile dysfunction occur frequently following treatment for prostate cancer (PCa), according to new findings published online in The Lancet Oncology.

In a retrospective study of 32,465 PCa patients who underwent radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy alone, the five-year cumulative incidence of hospital admission for a treatment-related complication, needing a urologic procedure, a rectal or anal procedure, or an open surgical procedure was 22.2%, 32.0%, 13.7%, and 0.9%, respectively, Robert K. Nam, MD, of the University of Toronto, and colleagues reported.

The five-year cumulative incidence of a second malignancy was 3.0%. At five years, patients who received radiotherapy had more rectal or anal procedures, open surgical procedures, and second malignancies than those who had surgery, but surgery patients had more urologic procedures.

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