Kidney Stones

Tamsulosin Improves Clearance of Large Distal Ureteral Stones

Tamsulosin Improves Clearance of Large Distal Ureteral Stones

By

Alpha blocker treatment resulted in a higher stone expulsion rate versus placebo in patients with distal ureteral stones larger than 5 mm in maximum diameter, study finds.

Point-of-Care Ultrasound Helps Detect Stones

Point-of-Care Ultrasound Helps Detect Stones

By

Complication rates were no higher with point-of-care ultrasound than CT.

Higher Relative Urine Supersaturations Up Stone Risk

Higher Relative Urine Supersaturations Up Stone Risk

By

Likelihood of stone formation increases with higher calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate relative supersaturation.

ESRD Linked to Recurrent Symptomatic Kidney Stones

ESRD Linked to Recurrent Symptomatic Kidney Stones

By

Recurrent, but not first-time, symptomatic kidney stone formers are at elevated risk for end-stage renal disease and death.

Stone Risk Greater In Wetter Climates

Stone Risk Greater In Wetter Climates

By

New study may redefine the "stone belt" in the United States.

Lowering Radiation Exposure Feasible in URS for Kidney Stones

Lowering Radiation Exposure Feasible in URS for Kidney Stones

By

Radiation dose area product fell from 318.4 to 6.4 cGy/cm2 over the study period.

Study: Ureterolithotripsy Best for Large Proximal Ureteral Stones

Study: Ureterolithotripsy Best for Large Proximal Ureteral Stones

By

However, higher stone-free rates were found with laparoscopic ureterolithotomy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

Higher Uric Acid Levels Up Nephrolithiasis Risk

Higher Uric Acid Levels Up Nephrolithiasis Risk

By

Nephrolithiasis developed in 18,777 healthy men during 1,184,654 person-years of follow-up.

Temperature-Related Kidney Stone Risk Higher Among Men

Temperature-Related Kidney Stone Risk Higher Among Men

By

Differences in the effect of heat on evaporative water loss may help explain the disparity in kidney stone risk between men and women.

Staghorn Stone Composition Changes Reported

Staghorn Stone Composition Changes Reported

By

A single-center study found that most staghorn stones have a metabolic composition rather than an infectious cause.

Nomogram Developed to Predict Ureteral Stone Passage

Nomogram Developed to Predict Ureteral Stone Passage

By

Likelihood of stone passage in patients on medical expulsive therapy is based on variables such as stone size and location and white blood cell count.

Stone Formation Linked to Hemoglobin A1c Levels

Stone Formation Linked to Hemoglobin A1c Levels

By

Finding could explain the association between obesity and diabetes and the development of kidney stones.

Kidney Stones Common in Adult Patients With Horseshoe Kidneys

Kidney Stones Common in Adult Patients With Horseshoe Kidneys

By

Adult patients with horseshoe kidneys have an estimated kidney stone incidence of 59%.

24-Hour Urine Benefits Uncertain for Recurrent Kidney Stones

24-Hour Urine Benefits Uncertain for Recurrent Kidney Stones

Whether all recurrent stone formers benefit from 24-hour urine collection has not been established.

Kidney Stone Formation May Differ in MS Patients

Kidney Stone Formation May Differ in MS Patients

By

Patients with multiple sclerosis are more likely to form calcium phosphate stones and struvite stones.

Emergent Lithotripsy Better for Some Ureteral Stones

Emergent Lithotripsy Better for Some Ureteral Stones

By

Researchers suggest that early treatment of some ureteral stones is preferable.

Formal Ultrasound for Kidney Stones May Cut CT Use

Formal Ultrasound for Kidney Stones May Cut CT Use

Formal ultrasonography by a radiologist may encourage less computerized tomography preoperatively.

Kidney Stones More Likely in Asthmatic Children

Kidney Stones More Likely in Asthmatic Children

By

Cleveland Clinic study found a 4-fold greater prevalence of nephrolithiasis among children with asthma compared with the general pediatric population.

Post-Transplant Kidney Stones Characterized

Post-Transplant Kidney Stones Characterized

By

Only 1% of patients develop kidney stones after kidney transplantation.

Typical Vitamin D Doses May Not Increase Kidney Stone Risk

Typical Vitamin D Doses May Not Increase Kidney Stone Risk

After multivariate adjustment there was no statistically significant association between vitamin D intake and risk of stones in the follow-up study.

Higher Testosterone Levels May Hike Renal Stone Risk

Higher Testosterone Levels May Hike Renal Stone Risk

By

Mean levels of total serum testosterone and serum dihydrotestosterone were significantly higher in urolithiasis cases compared with controls.

Alpha Blockers Aid Passage of Large Ureteric Stones

Alpha Blockers Aid Passage of Large Ureteric Stones

By

For every 1 mm increase in stone size, the odds of passage increased by 9.8%.

Hyponatremia Identified as Kidney Stone Risk Factor

Hyponatremia Identified as Kidney Stone Risk Factor

By

Studies also link kidney stone development to osteoporosis and proton pump inhibitor use.

More Produce, Less Meat May Prevent Kidney Stones

More Produce, Less Meat May Prevent Kidney Stones

By

New study also finds a reduction in kidney stone risk among individuals with the highest potassium intake.

Predictors of ER Revisits for Ureteral Stones ID'd

Predictors of ER Revisits for Ureteral Stones ID'd

The presence of a ureteral stone, age less than 30 years, and the need for intravenous narcotics in the emergency department were associated with an emergency department revisit.

Post-ESWL Renal Hematoma Linked to High, Low BMI

Post-ESWL Renal Hematoma Linked to High, Low BMI

By

High and low body mass index are can cause renal hematoma for patients undergoing extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.

Vitamin D Supplements Do Not Raise Stone Risk

Vitamin D Supplements Do Not Raise Stone Risk

By

Vitamin D supplementation increased the risk of hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria but did not increase the risk of kidney stones.

Uric Acid Threshold That Predicts Kidney Stone Formation Identified

Uric Acid Threshold That Predicts Kidney Stone Formation Identified

By

Serum uric acid levels of 10 mg/dL or higher are associated with an increased risk for nephrolithiasis.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters