A level of 7 mg/dL or higher is associated with a 62% increased risk compared with lower levels.
Younger age and longer dialysis vintage associated with greater likelihood of having the operation.
Hospitals and other medical facilities rely on 0.9% IV sodium chloride to treat dehydration and other problems.
Study reveals a decline in the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents and an increase in the use of iron.
When administered concomitantly with tacrolimus in kidney transplant patients, it hiked the risk of acute rejection by more than 2-fold.