May 2016 Issue of Renal And Urology News
Renal & Urology News - May 2016 Issue
Nephrology Cover Articles
Diabetic nephropathy lesions may develop prior to the onset of clinical findings.
Urology Cover Articles
Nephron-sparing surgery decreased the risk of end-stage renal disease by 60% in select patients.
New study challenges a view that the foreskin is the most sensitive part of the adult penis.
Bladder cancer risk increases with longer duration of use.
Randomized clinical trials are often considered the highest level on which medical care should be based.
An interview with Neal Shore, MD
News in Brief
Researchers observe an increased risk of a composite outcome of death from any cause and cardiovascular events.
Iranian study of hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism finds no significant correlation.
The odds of PSA screening were higher among blacks than non-Hispanic whites.
N-acetylcysteine patients had significantly decreased odds of contrast-induced nephropathy.
Researchers found an adjusted 68% decreased risk of prostate cancer in men with IBD who used aminosalicylate.
PSA level declined by an average of 0.68 ng/mL in the treatment group.
Patients' representatives, individuals designated to make medical decisions for them, have equal rights to access information under HIPAA.
Researchers argue that little evidence exists to support this approach to prevent hyperkalemia.
Trend is independent of intravenous iron use and exposure to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents.
The protective effect is strongest for low-risk disease.
In a small study, 75% of men with castration-resistant prostate cancer experienced a 30% or greater decline in PSA from baseline.
Patients who undergo surgery for tumors larger than 3 cm are more likely to die from their cancer and from all causes, study finds.
Findings from a small study suggest that periodontal disease may be a relevant contributing factor.
Increased likelihood of delayed graft function and graft loss observed in recipients of kidneys from donors older than 50 years.
Procedure partially blocks blood flow to the gland and appears to ease the need to urinate.
Review finds 1.5-3.4 times higher risk of erectile dysfunction among men with periodontitis.
Disease-free survival rates were similar for groups receiving 8.2 weeks of conventional versus 5.6 weeks of hypofractionated radiotherapy.
The proportion of biopsied men who have complications from the procedure rose from 14% to 18% from 2005 to 2014.
Elevated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is associated with larger tumors and greater nuclear grade.
Median time to progression or drug discontinuation was 6.6 months in patients with specific genetic alterations, compared with 1.4 months in other patients.
Positive surgical margins are associated with a significant 34% increased risk of all-cause mortality.
Researchers suggest that exchanging vegetable protein for animal protein can lower the risk of diabetes.
Likelihood of overall and respiratory-related mortality is increased 41% and 4-fold, respectively.
A PSA nadir below 0.4 ng/mL offers the best long-term biochemical progression-free survival, study shows.
Prostate cancer patients with 2 or more comorbid diseases are more likely to have their cancer upgraded and up staged at RP.
Short sleep duration is associated with a 47% increased risk of proteinuria, a surrogate marker for kidney disease progression.
Athcar gel may be a treatment option for patients with treatment-resistant nephrotic syndrome.
Poor long-term outcomes found even in patients with community-acquired AKI but not hospitalized.
Researchers found elevated incidences of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) in patients with CKD.
Nearly 28% of deceased-donor kidney transplants in the US were performed on the weekends.
Hypontrameia is linked to increased risk of hip fracture in elderly individuals.
Patients with inadequately controlled gout experience lower quality of life and report worse functioning.
Nearly 6% of patients who underwent partial or radical nephrectomy between 1998 and 2010 developed AKI.
Renal and Urology News Articles
- Phosphate Binders Lower Infection-Related Death Risk in HD
- Acute Renal Failure in CKD Patients Less Likely With PCI
- Gout Associated With Increased Risk of Developing Erectile Dysfunction
- More Targeted Sodium Reduction Strategies Proposed
- Cytoreductive Surgery for Metastatic PCa Linked to More Complications
- FDA Recalls Drugs Containing Active Ingredient Valsartan
- Correcting Metabolic Acidosis May Preserve Muscle Mass
- Infection Risk Lower in Dialysis Patients With High, Normal Vitamin D
- Urine Cytology May Not Improve Hematuria Evaluation for Bladder Cancer
- Aggressive Therapy Warranted for Gleason 10 Prostate Cancer
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NEPHROLOGY & UROLOGY NEWS
- Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)
- Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
- Contrast Nephropathy
- Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
- Diabetic Nephropathy
- End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
- Lupus Nephritis
- Peritoneal Dialysis
- Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT)