Infection

Gender Disparity in Oral HPV Infection

Gender Disparity in Oral HPV Infection

Overall prevalence 11.5% in men, 3.2% in women; high-risk HPV also more prevalent in men.

Drug Combo Promising for HCV Infection in Patients With Advanced CKD

Drug Combo Promising for HCV Infection in Patients With Advanced CKD

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Researchers report a high rate of sustained virologic response after 12 weeks of treatment with a ribavirin-free co-formulation of glecaprevir and pibrentasvir.

Reported Penicillin Allergy Ups Surgical Site Infection Risk

Reported Penicillin Allergy Ups Surgical Site Infection Risk

Increased risk of SSI was mediated by patients' receipt of alternative perioperative antibiotic.

Vancomycin, Piperacillin/Tazobactam Combo Ups AKI in Kids

Vancomycin, Piperacillin/Tazobactam Combo Ups AKI in Kids

Risk of AKI in hospitalized children higher than with IV vancomycin, other antipseudomonal -lactam

Infection Risk Increases as Kidney Function Declines

Infection Risk Increases as Kidney Function Declines

Lower respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and sepsis made up a larger proportion of infections as kidney function worsened.

Top Complaint After Prostate Biopsy Is Infection

Top Complaint After Prostate Biopsy Is Infection

Most common infection in prostate biopsy was E. coli, followed by mild bleeding.

Herpes Zoster May Increase Risk of Myocardial Infarction, Stroke

Herpes Zoster May Increase Risk of Myocardial Infarction, Stroke

The researchers found that the HZ group had a 59% higher risk of myocardial infarction and a 35% higher risk of stroke than the others.

Glycemic Control Improves With Hepatitis C Treatment

Glycemic Control Improves With Hepatitis C Treatment

Patients who achieved SVR had a greater drop in HbA1c associated with antiviral treatment than those who sustained treatment failure.

HD Catheters Linked With Highest Rate of Bloodstream Infections

HD Catheters Linked With Highest Rate of Bloodstream Infections

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Nearly 70% of access-related bloodstream infections occurred in hemodialysis patients with central venous catheters.

Post-Transplant Infections, Cancer Do Not Up Mortality

Post-Transplant Infections, Cancer Do Not Up Mortality

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Opportunistic viral and fungal infections or malignancies develop in 34% of kidney transplant recipients, but these complications do not affect patient or graft survival.

Antibiotic Combo Found to Reduce Post-Transplant UTI Rate

Antibiotic Combo Found to Reduce Post-Transplant UTI Rate

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Post-transplant UTI rates were lower when cephalexin was added to SMX-TMP than when SMX-TMP was used alone (7.5% vs 25.8%), study finds.

Bacteremia Worsens Kidney Transplant Outcomes

Bacteremia Worsens Kidney Transplant Outcomes

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Kidney transplant recipients who experienced an episode of bacteremia had double the risks of graft failure and death.

Kidney Donor-Recipient CMV Matching Is a Promising Strategy

Kidney Donor-Recipient CMV Matching Is a Promising Strategy

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Researchers report that matching deceased kidney donors and kidney recipients by cytomegalovirus serostatus optimizes high- and low-risk profiles.

Cipro Not Better for UTI Prophylaxis After Transplant With Stent

Cipro Not Better for UTI Prophylaxis After Transplant With Stent

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In a study of renal transplant patients who received ureteral stents, ciprofloxacin did not lower the incidence of UTI compared with SMX-TMP.

HCV Eradication May Reduce Diabetes Risk in HIV Patients

HCV Eradication May Reduce Diabetes Risk in HIV Patients

SVR was found to be associated with a significant decrease in the hazard of diabetes mellitus and decline in the hazard of chronic renal failure.

Genital HPV Prevalent in Men

Genital HPV Prevalent in Men

The lowest prevalence of HPV among men was 28.9% for those aged 18 to 22, which increased to 46.5% in men aged 23 to 27.

Hepatitis B More Prevalent in Type 2 Diabetes Patients

Hepatitis B More Prevalent in Type 2 Diabetes Patients

Patients with type 2 diabetes had higher prevalence of CHB than the controls in the overall population.

ESRD Risk Higher in SLE Patients Hospitalized for Infections

ESRD Risk Higher in SLE Patients Hospitalized for Infections

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End-stage renal disease is 5-fold more likely to develop in patients with 3 or more infection-related hospitalizations versus none.

HPV Infection Increase Seen in Female Kidney Recipients

HPV Infection Increase Seen in Female Kidney Recipients

Activation of latent HPV infections may contribute to the increased risk of HPV-related (pre)malignant lesions in female RTRs.

Higher Re-op Risk for Low-Volume Surgeons Implanting Penile Prosthesis

Higher Re-op Risk for Low-Volume Surgeons Implanting Penile Prosthesis

Patients treated by higher volume implanters are less likely to require reoperation after inflatable penile prosthesis insertion than those treated by lower volume surgeons.

Pre-dialysis CKD Is a Risk Factor for Serious Infection

Pre-dialysis CKD Is a Risk Factor for Serious Infection

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Lower eGFR and higher ACR are associated with an elevated risk of infection-related hospitalization and infection-related death.

Infections After Prostate Biopsy Continue to Rise

Infections After Prostate Biopsy Continue to Rise

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Patients are at higher risk with the transrectal rather than transperineal approach.

Vaccine Might Prevent Spread of Herpes Simplex Virus 2

Vaccine Might Prevent Spread of Herpes Simplex Virus 2

Three-dose regimen seems as effective as daily pills, but more research needed.

First Case of Female-To-Male Transmission of Zika Virus

First Case of Female-To-Male Transmission of Zika Virus

After visiting an endemic area, a New York City woman is the first reported case of female-to-male Zika virus transmission.

Emetine May Treat Cytomegalovirus Infection

Emetine May Treat Cytomegalovirus Infection

Inhibition with http://www.renalandurologynews.com/transplantation/section/635/ occurs after virus entry but before DNA replication.

Morbid Obesity Ups Viral Infection Risk After a Kidney Transplant

Morbid Obesity Ups Viral Infection Risk After a Kidney Transplant

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In a study, viral infections occurred in 52.4% of patients with a BMI of 35 kg/m2 or higher compared with 37.1% of those with a lower BMI.

Higher FGF23 Levels Increase Odds of Respiratory Infection

Higher FGF23 Levels Increase Odds of Respiratory Infection

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The study is the first to find a link between FGF23 levels and infection in non-dialysis patients.

Infection Rates Among Dialysis Patients Declining

Infection Rates Among Dialysis Patients Declining

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The positive trend is more pronounced among established patients than those who recently started dialysis.

No Routine Antimicrobial Use for Post-Transplant Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

No Routine Antimicrobial Use for Post-Transplant Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

At 24 months follow up, no difference was found in primary outcomes in those treated for asymptomatic bacteriuria.

Stenting, Surgery Time Linked to Infection After Laser Lithotripsy

Stenting, Surgery Time Linked to Infection After Laser Lithotripsy

Findings among patients undergoing ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy.

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