Infection

High-Dose Flu Vaccine May Cut Hospitalization in Dialysis Patients

High-Dose Flu Vaccine May Cut Hospitalization in Dialysis Patients

Significant reduction seen in hospitalization with receipt of high-dose versus standard-dose vaccine.

IV Iron Therapy in CKD Increases Infection Risk

IV Iron Therapy in CKD Increases Infection Risk

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In a study, IV iron was associated with twice the risk for infections in CKD.

High-Dose Influenza Vaccination May Benefit Transplant Recipients

High-Dose Influenza Vaccination May Benefit Transplant Recipients

Double-dose influenza vaccine is safe and may increase antibody response in solid-organ transplant recipients

Hepatitis C Infection May Hasten Chronic Kidney Disease Progression

Hepatitis C Infection May Hasten Chronic Kidney Disease Progression

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Patients with both CKD and hepatitis C virus infection are at nearly 2-fold higher risk of end-stage renal disease with those who have CKD only.

Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome Linked to EBV

Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome Linked to EBV

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Epstein-Barr virus infection found much more frequently in patients with vs without IC/BPS and Hunner lesions or controls with stress urinary incontinence.

Female Sex Ups Radical Cystectomy Surgical Site Infection Risk

Female Sex Ups Radical Cystectomy Surgical Site Infection Risk

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Among patients undergoing radical cystectomy, female sex is independently associated with a 21% increased odds of surgical site infections compared with male sex.

Infection Risk Lower in Dialysis Patients With High, Normal Vitamin D

Infection Risk Lower in Dialysis Patients With High, Normal Vitamin D

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Meta-analysis reveals a 39% decreased risk of any infection among patients on long-term dialysis who have high or normal vitamin D levels.

HCV-Infected Kidney Transplant More Efficient in HCV-Infected

HCV-Infected Kidney Transplant More Efficient in HCV-Infected

Increases quality-adjusted life expectancy, reduces costs versus transplant of HCV-uninfected kidney.

FDA OKs 1st Biosimilar to Prevent Chemo-Related Infections

FDA OKs 1st Biosimilar to Prevent Chemo-Related Infections

Fulphila, biosimilar to Neulasta, helps reduce risk of infection during cancer treatment.

Predictors of Post-cystectomy C. difficile Infection Identified

Predictors of Post-cystectomy C. difficile Infection Identified

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Female sex and need for a blood transfusion are associated with development of Clostridium difficile infection following radical cystectomy.

Novel Approaches May Decrease Prostate Biopsy Infection Risk

Novel Approaches May Decrease Prostate Biopsy Infection Risk

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Alcohol needle washing and pre-biopsy rectal cultures for targeted prophylaxis are among the potentially beneficial strategies.

HCV Prophylaxis Could Expand Kidney Availability

HCV Prophylaxis Could Expand Kidney Availability

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In a small study, direct-acting prophylaxis against hepatitis C virus (HCV) appeared safe and well-tolerated in uninfected recipients of HCV+ kidneys.

Flu, Some Upper Respiratory Infections Up Heart Attacks

Flu, Some Upper Respiratory Infections Up Heart Attacks

Increased incidence of acute myocardial infarction in first 7 days after positive respiratory viral diagnosis

Diabetes Patients at Greater Risk for Serious Infection

Diabetes Patients at Greater Risk for Serious Infection

Findings demonstrate an important population burden, including hospitalization and death.

Fosfomycin Tops Fluoroquinolones for Prostate Biopsy Prophylaxis

Fosfomycin Tops Fluoroquinolones for Prostate Biopsy Prophylaxis

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In a meta-analysis, the risk of infectious complications was 78% lower with fosfomycin trometamol versus fluoroquinolones in men undergoing TRUS-guided prostate biopsy.

Routine Office Urine Culture Before Prostate Biopsy Is Unnecessary

Routine Office Urine Culture Before Prostate Biopsy Is Unnecessary

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In a single center study, asymptomatic bacteriuria resolved before prostate biopsy, without additional treatment.

Do You Work While Sick?

Do You Work While Sick?

Pharmacists and physicians have the highest frequency of working with influenza-like illness.

Yearly Flu Vaccinations Help Seniors Prevent Severe Infection

Yearly Flu Vaccinations Help Seniors Prevent Severe Infection

Annual vaccination found to lessen flu severity, hospitalizations, and death among the elderly.

Study: Current Flu Vaccine Likely Protects Against Most H3N2 Viruses

Study: Current Flu Vaccine Likely Protects Against Most H3N2 Viruses

Current vaccine projected to be more effective in 2018 US flu season vs 2017 Australian flu season.

Hemodialysis CRBSI Outcomes Unaffected by Distance to Nephrologists

Hemodialysis CRBSI Outcomes Unaffected by Distance to Nephrologists

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Canadian study reveals no significant effect of driving distance to a nephrology practice on the rate and appropriate management of catheter-related bloodstream infections.

AKI With <i>C. difficile</i> Admissions Increasing

AKI With C. difficile Admissions Increasing

Though hospital admission rates have increased, inpatient death has improved from 2003 to 2012.

Abnormal Sodium Levels Up Bacteremia Risk in Dialysis Patients

Abnormal Sodium Levels Up Bacteremia Risk in Dialysis Patients

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Study reveals 2-fold higher incidence of bacteremia among dialysis patients with low and high serum sodium levels.

Gender Disparity in Oral HPV Infection

Gender Disparity in Oral HPV Infection

Overall prevalence 11.5% in men, 3.2% in women; high-risk HPV also more prevalent in men.

Drug Combo Promising for HCV Infection in Patients With Advanced CKD

Drug Combo Promising for HCV Infection in Patients With Advanced CKD

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Researchers report a high rate of sustained virologic response after 12 weeks of treatment with a ribavirin-free co-formulation of glecaprevir and pibrentasvir.

Reported Penicillin Allergy Ups Surgical Site Infection Risk

Reported Penicillin Allergy Ups Surgical Site Infection Risk

Increased risk of SSI was mediated by patients' receipt of alternative perioperative antibiotic.

Vancomycin, Piperacillin/Tazobactam Combo Ups AKI in Kids

Vancomycin, Piperacillin/Tazobactam Combo Ups AKI in Kids

Risk of AKI in hospitalized children higher than with IV vancomycin, other antipseudomonal -lactam

Infection Risk Increases as Kidney Function Declines

Infection Risk Increases as Kidney Function Declines

Lower respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and sepsis made up a larger proportion of infections as kidney function worsened.

Top Complaint After Prostate Biopsy Is Infection

Top Complaint After Prostate Biopsy Is Infection

Most common infection in prostate biopsy was E. coli, followed by mild bleeding.

Herpes Zoster May Increase Risk of Myocardial Infarction, Stroke

Herpes Zoster May Increase Risk of Myocardial Infarction, Stroke

The researchers found that the HZ group had a 59% higher risk of myocardial infarction and a 35% higher risk of stroke than the others.

Glycemic Control Improves With Hepatitis C Treatment

Glycemic Control Improves With Hepatitis C Treatment

Patients who achieved SVR had a greater drop in HbA1c associated with antiviral treatment than those who sustained treatment failure.

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