Female sex and need for a blood transfusion are associated with development of Clostridium difficile infection following radical cystectomy.
Alcohol needle washing and pre-biopsy rectal cultures for targeted prophylaxis are among the potentially beneficial strategies.
In a small study, direct-acting prophylaxis against hepatitis C virus (HCV) appeared safe and well-tolerated in uninfected recipients of HCV+ kidneys.
Increased incidence of acute myocardial infarction in first 7 days after positive respiratory viral diagnosis
Findings demonstrate an important population burden, including hospitalization and death.
In a meta-analysis, the risk of infectious complications was 78% lower with fosfomycin trometamol versus fluoroquinolones in men undergoing TRUS-guided prostate biopsy.
In a single center study, asymptomatic bacteriuria resolved before prostate biopsy, without additional treatment.
Pharmacists and physicians have the highest frequency of working with influenza-like illness.
Annual vaccination found to lessen flu severity, hospitalizations, and death among the elderly.
Current vaccine projected to be more effective in 2018 US flu season vs 2017 Australian flu season.
Canadian study reveals no significant effect of driving distance to a nephrology practice on the rate and appropriate management of catheter-related bloodstream infections.
Though hospital admission rates have increased, inpatient death has improved from 2003 to 2012.
Study reveals 2-fold higher incidence of bacteremia among dialysis patients with low and high serum sodium levels.
Overall prevalence 11.5% in men, 3.2% in women; high-risk HPV also more prevalent in men.
Researchers report a high rate of sustained virologic response after 12 weeks of treatment with a ribavirin-free co-formulation of glecaprevir and pibrentasvir.
Increased risk of SSI was mediated by patients' receipt of alternative perioperative antibiotic.
Risk of AKI in hospitalized children higher than with IV vancomycin, other antipseudomonal -lactam
Lower respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and sepsis made up a larger proportion of infections as kidney function worsened.
Most common infection in prostate biopsy was E. coli, followed by mild bleeding.
The researchers found that the HZ group had a 59% higher risk of myocardial infarction and a 35% higher risk of stroke than the others.
Patients who achieved SVR had a greater drop in HbA1c associated with antiviral treatment than those who sustained treatment failure.
Nearly 70% of access-related bloodstream infections occurred in hemodialysis patients with central venous catheters.
Opportunistic viral and fungal infections or malignancies develop in 34% of kidney transplant recipients, but these complications do not affect patient or graft survival.
Post-transplant UTI rates were lower when cephalexin was added to SMX-TMP than when SMX-TMP was used alone (7.5% vs 25.8%), study finds.
Kidney transplant recipients who experienced an episode of bacteremia had double the risks of graft failure and death.
Researchers report that matching deceased kidney donors and kidney recipients by cytomegalovirus serostatus optimizes high- and low-risk profiles.
In a study of renal transplant patients who received ureteral stents, ciprofloxacin did not lower the incidence of UTI compared with SMX-TMP.
SVR was found to be associated with a significant decrease in the hazard of diabetes mellitus and decline in the hazard of chronic renal failure.
The lowest prevalence of HPV among men was 28.9% for those aged 18 to 22, which increased to 46.5% in men aged 23 to 27.
Patients with type 2 diabetes had higher prevalence of CHB than the controls in the overall population.
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