Infection

Predictors of Post-cystectomy C. difficile Infection Identified

Predictors of Post-cystectomy C. difficile Infection Identified

By

Female sex and need for a blood transfusion are associated with development of Clostridium difficile infection following radical cystectomy.

Novel Approaches May Decrease Prostate Biopsy Infection Risk

Novel Approaches May Decrease Prostate Biopsy Infection Risk

By

Alcohol needle washing and pre-biopsy rectal cultures for targeted prophylaxis are among the potentially beneficial strategies.

HCV Prophylaxis Could Expand Kidney Availability

HCV Prophylaxis Could Expand Kidney Availability

By

In a small study, direct-acting prophylaxis against hepatitis C virus (HCV) appeared safe and well-tolerated in uninfected recipients of HCV+ kidneys.

Flu, Some Upper Respiratory Infections Up Heart Attacks

Flu, Some Upper Respiratory Infections Up Heart Attacks

Increased incidence of acute myocardial infarction in first 7 days after positive respiratory viral diagnosis

Diabetes Patients at Greater Risk for Serious Infection

Diabetes Patients at Greater Risk for Serious Infection

Findings demonstrate an important population burden, including hospitalization and death.

Fosfomycin Tops Fluoroquinolones for Prostate Biopsy Prophylaxis

Fosfomycin Tops Fluoroquinolones for Prostate Biopsy Prophylaxis

By

In a meta-analysis, the risk of infectious complications was 78% lower with fosfomycin trometamol versus fluoroquinolones in men undergoing TRUS-guided prostate biopsy.

Routine Office Urine Culture Before Prostate Biopsy Is Unnecessary

Routine Office Urine Culture Before Prostate Biopsy Is Unnecessary

By

In a single center study, asymptomatic bacteriuria resolved before prostate biopsy, without additional treatment.

Do You Work While Sick?

Do You Work While Sick?

Pharmacists and physicians have the highest frequency of working with influenza-like illness.

Yearly Flu Vaccinations Help Seniors Prevent Severe Infection

Yearly Flu Vaccinations Help Seniors Prevent Severe Infection

Annual vaccination found to lessen flu severity, hospitalizations, and death among the elderly.

Study: Current Flu Vaccine Likely Protects Against Most H3N2 Viruses

Study: Current Flu Vaccine Likely Protects Against Most H3N2 Viruses

Current vaccine projected to be more effective in 2018 US flu season vs 2017 Australian flu season.

Hemodialysis CRBSI Outcomes Unaffected by Distance to Nephrologists

Hemodialysis CRBSI Outcomes Unaffected by Distance to Nephrologists

By

Canadian study reveals no significant effect of driving distance to a nephrology practice on the rate and appropriate management of catheter-related bloodstream infections.

AKI With <i>C. difficile</i> Admissions Increasing

AKI With C. difficile Admissions Increasing

Though hospital admission rates have increased, inpatient death has improved from 2003 to 2012.

Abnormal Sodium Levels Up Bacteremia Risk in Dialysis Patients

Abnormal Sodium Levels Up Bacteremia Risk in Dialysis Patients

By

Study reveals 2-fold higher incidence of bacteremia among dialysis patients with low and high serum sodium levels.

Gender Disparity in Oral HPV Infection

Gender Disparity in Oral HPV Infection

Overall prevalence 11.5% in men, 3.2% in women; high-risk HPV also more prevalent in men.

Drug Combo Promising for HCV Infection in Patients With Advanced CKD

Drug Combo Promising for HCV Infection in Patients With Advanced CKD

By

Researchers report a high rate of sustained virologic response after 12 weeks of treatment with a ribavirin-free co-formulation of glecaprevir and pibrentasvir.

Reported Penicillin Allergy Ups Surgical Site Infection Risk

Reported Penicillin Allergy Ups Surgical Site Infection Risk

Increased risk of SSI was mediated by patients' receipt of alternative perioperative antibiotic.

Vancomycin, Piperacillin/Tazobactam Combo Ups AKI in Kids

Vancomycin, Piperacillin/Tazobactam Combo Ups AKI in Kids

Risk of AKI in hospitalized children higher than with IV vancomycin, other antipseudomonal -lactam

Infection Risk Increases as Kidney Function Declines

Infection Risk Increases as Kidney Function Declines

Lower respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and sepsis made up a larger proportion of infections as kidney function worsened.

Top Complaint After Prostate Biopsy Is Infection

Top Complaint After Prostate Biopsy Is Infection

Most common infection in prostate biopsy was E. coli, followed by mild bleeding.

Herpes Zoster May Increase Risk of Myocardial Infarction, Stroke

Herpes Zoster May Increase Risk of Myocardial Infarction, Stroke

The researchers found that the HZ group had a 59% higher risk of myocardial infarction and a 35% higher risk of stroke than the others.

Glycemic Control Improves With Hepatitis C Treatment

Glycemic Control Improves With Hepatitis C Treatment

Patients who achieved SVR had a greater drop in HbA1c associated with antiviral treatment than those who sustained treatment failure.

HD Catheters Linked With Highest Rate of Bloodstream Infections

HD Catheters Linked With Highest Rate of Bloodstream Infections

By

Nearly 70% of access-related bloodstream infections occurred in hemodialysis patients with central venous catheters.

Post-Transplant Infections, Cancer Do Not Up Mortality

Post-Transplant Infections, Cancer Do Not Up Mortality

By

Opportunistic viral and fungal infections or malignancies develop in 34% of kidney transplant recipients, but these complications do not affect patient or graft survival.

Antibiotic Combo Found to Reduce Post-Transplant UTI Rate

Antibiotic Combo Found to Reduce Post-Transplant UTI Rate

By

Post-transplant UTI rates were lower when cephalexin was added to SMX-TMP than when SMX-TMP was used alone (7.5% vs 25.8%), study finds.

Bacteremia Worsens Kidney Transplant Outcomes

Bacteremia Worsens Kidney Transplant Outcomes

By

Kidney transplant recipients who experienced an episode of bacteremia had double the risks of graft failure and death.

Kidney Donor-Recipient CMV Matching Is a Promising Strategy

Kidney Donor-Recipient CMV Matching Is a Promising Strategy

By

Researchers report that matching deceased kidney donors and kidney recipients by cytomegalovirus serostatus optimizes high- and low-risk profiles.

Cipro Not Better for UTI Prophylaxis After Transplant With Stent

Cipro Not Better for UTI Prophylaxis After Transplant With Stent

By

In a study of renal transplant patients who received ureteral stents, ciprofloxacin did not lower the incidence of UTI compared with SMX-TMP.

HCV Eradication May Reduce Diabetes Risk in HIV Patients

HCV Eradication May Reduce Diabetes Risk in HIV Patients

SVR was found to be associated with a significant decrease in the hazard of diabetes mellitus and decline in the hazard of chronic renal failure.

Genital HPV Prevalent in Men

Genital HPV Prevalent in Men

The lowest prevalence of HPV among men was 28.9% for those aged 18 to 22, which increased to 46.5% in men aged 23 to 27.

Hepatitis B More Prevalent in Type 2 Diabetes Patients

Hepatitis B More Prevalent in Type 2 Diabetes Patients

Patients with type 2 diabetes had higher prevalence of CHB than the controls in the overall population.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters