High-Grade Urothelial Carcinoma Invading Lamina Propria

A 63-year-old otherwise healthy male is referred for evaluation of hematuria. A computed tomography urogram reveals a tumor on left lateral wall. The patient undergoes a transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) that demonstrates high-grade urothelial carcinoma with invasion of the lamina propria (T1). Muscularis propria is present and is uninvolved. Random bladder biopsies at the time of transurethral resection ...