Both younger age and more recent exposure to some antibiotics were associated with greater risks for kidney stones.
Men and women who smoke are at 2.3-fold and 2.7-fold increased risk of bladder cancer compared with non-smokers.
In a study, increases in red blood cell distribution width during the first year of dialysis was associated with greater risks for death.
Identifying a patient's preferences and goals leads to a care plan that can reflect those goals, and this may improve patient satisfaction.
Thicker bladder wall and a tower-shaped curve on uroflowmetry are associated with shorter healing periods among pediatric patients with overactive bladder.
According to the EDGE Research consortium, both techniques should be in the armamentarium of the urologist.
Among patients on peritoneal dialysis, the odds of death are 32% lower among those with vs without autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, meta-analysis finds.
Treatment with a novel urea formulation that is available in the United States safely improves plasma sodium levels, small study shows.
Among patients younger than 40, the prevalence of end-stage renal disease secondary to ADPKD was 9.94% among non-Hispanic blacks vs 7.68% among non-Hispanic whites.
Study shows that the risk of recurrence after salvage radiotherapy is inversely related to the number of nodes resected at radical prostatectomy.
In the most comprehensive study of its kind, investigators find that acute kidney injury not requiring hospitalization is associated with a 90% increased mortality risk.
Use of 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors before and after diagnosis of the malignancy is associated with a 15% and 22% decreased risk of bladder cancer mortality, respectively.
Individuals who had a stroke or transient ischemic attack at age 60 to 64 had a 2-fold higher risk of UUI at age 68 years, a British study found.
Findings from a large study of men in the United Kingdom do not support single PSA testing for population-based screening.
A large study of middle-aged men found that testosterone replacement therapy is associated with a small but significant decrease in cardiovascular risk and an increased risk of obstructive sleep apnea.
Overall treatment success occurred in 98.4% of patients receiving meropenem-vaborbactam vs 94% for those receiving piperacillin-tazobactam.
In multivariable analyses, CKD stage G3b or higher was significantly associated with worse progression-free and cancer-specific survival.
Dialysis patients receiving more or less than 200 mg per month of IV iron had similar risks of death, infection, cardiovascular disease, and hospitalization, meta-analysis shows.
One possible explanation is that increased plasma levels of uremic solutes resulting from kidney disease may impair synaptic development.
Multiparametic MRI findings added to conventional clinical predictors decreases the number of false-positive biopsy results without increasing the number of clinically significant tumors left undiagnosed, study finds.
Study questions the efficacy and safety of prescribing anticoagulants to older patients with atrial fibrillation and nondialysis chronic kidney disease.
Abnormal calcium-phosphate metabolism appears to be an important pathogenic factor in the development of vascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease.
Pulmonary hypertension in patients with any degree of renal insufficiency is associated with elevated risks of cardiovascular events and death.
End-stage renal disease is more likely to develop in individuals with serum albumin levels of 4.1 g/dL or below than in those with levels of 4.4 g/dL or higher.
Multiparametric MRI has high positive and negative predictive values for extracapsular extension, seminal vesicle invasion, lymph node involvement, and high-risk Gleason score.
Among men who had PSA failure following radiation therapy for localized PCa, those with a long PSA doubling time had an increased risk of PCa mortality if they started androgen-deprivation therapy later.
Statin use is associated with greater overall survival among men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and improved survival among patients with high-risk prostate cancer.
In a study, CKD patients with high trajectories of serum uric acid had nearly triple the risk for ESRD and 4.5 times the risk for death.
Investigators have explored various strategies to prevent lymphoceles from forming.
Study finds no difference in all-cause mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease and heart failure who received implantable cardioverter defibrillators and those who did not.
For renal calculi 5 to 20 mm in diameter, treatment with flexible ureterorenoscopy was associated with higher stone-free and freedom from reintervention rates vs ESWL.
No patient had a 25% or greater rise in serum creatinine 48 hours after receiving a median 13 mL of contrast for diagnostic coronary angiography, with an additional 13 mL for percutaneous coronary intervention.
Erectile function among men with vasculogenic erectile dysfunction improved significantly after 6 weeks of treatment with an aspirin dosage of 100 mg/day.
Patients with versus without a history of urinary calculi had nearly 2-fold greater odds of bladder cancer, meta-analysis showed.
Clinicians need to ask about cancers among members of the maternal and paternal sides of a family.
Robotic-assisted kidney transplantation is associated with a low complication rate and excellent graft function, European study shows.
A study showed longer survival among patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer who achieved a PSA level of 0.2 ng/mL or less 7 months after initiating ADT.
New technique uses silicone-based polymer inks to create prostate models with the tactile sensation, pliability, and texture of a real prostate.
Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists found to lower hospital readmission risk in patients with heart failure and concomitant diabetes or renal insufficiency.
Partial nephrectomy was associated with decreased odds of death versus radical nephrectomy among patients with cT1b but not cT2 renal cell carcinoma.
A rotating shift schedule appeared the most risky.
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have a 6-fold and 4.4-fold increased risk of kidney cancer and urothelial cancers, respectively, than individuals without ESRD.
Definitive comparative effectiveness data are lacking for salvage prostatectomy or salvage cryotherapy.
In patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease, lupus anticoagulant and combined thrombophilia occur more frequently in those with versus without calciphylaxis, case-control study shows.
Levels of alkaline phosphatase, calcium, and hemoglobin can independently predict bone metastasis in patients with renal cell carcinoma, Chinese investigators report.
Researchers find no significant difference in the median erythropoietin resistance index between patients with versus without residual renal function.
A negative mpMRI is associated with a higher risk for PSA recurrence and metastasis following salvage radiotherapy for recurrent prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy.
Among patients admitted to a coronary care unit, the highest quartile of serum cystatin C levels was associated with a 9.6-fold increased risk of AKI compared with the lowest quartile.
The transperineal approach to prostate biopsy has recently been adopted at many centers as an alternative to TRUS-B.
Renal and Urology News Articles
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NEPHROLOGY & UROLOGY NEWS
- Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)
- Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
- Contrast Nephropathy
- Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
- Diabetic Nephropathy
- End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
- Lupus Nephritis
- Peritoneal Dialysis
- Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT)