Epidemiology

Stone Risk Greater In Wetter Climates

Stone Risk Greater In Wetter Climates

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New study may redefine the "stone belt" in the United States.

Prostate Cancer Risk Lower in NSAID Users

Prostate Cancer Risk Lower in NSAID Users

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In a case-control study, men who had ever used non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs had a 23% decreased risk of prostate cancer.

Renal, Bladder Cancer Linked to Physical Inactivity

Renal, Bladder Cancer Linked to Physical Inactivity

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Renal and bladder cancer patients were, respectively, 77% and 73% more likely to report lifetime physical inactivity than controls without cancer.

Temperature-Related Kidney Stone Risk Higher Among Men

Temperature-Related Kidney Stone Risk Higher Among Men

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Differences in the effect of heat on evaporative water loss may help explain the disparity in kidney stone risk between men and women.

Long-Term Hypertension Ups Psoriasis Risk

Long-Term Hypertension Ups Psoriasis Risk

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Women who had hypertension for at least 6 years had a 27% increased risk of the skin disease.

CKD Risk Factors Present Decades Prior to Diagnosis

CKD Risk Factors Present Decades Prior to Diagnosis

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In a study, hypertension, obesity, and higher triglycerides predicted development of chronic kidney disease 30 years later.

Prostate Cancer Death Risk Tied to Age at Diagnosis

Prostate Cancer Death Risk Tied to Age at Diagnosis

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Men aged 61 and older at diagnosis are more likely to die from the malignancy than men aged 50 or younger.

Prostate Cancer Linked to Low Prostatic Lycopene

Prostate Cancer Linked to Low Prostatic Lycopene

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Researchers say their findings point to prostatic lycopene concentration as a promising biomarker of PCa.

Dialysis Patient Death Rate Continues to Drop

Dialysis Patient Death Rate Continues to Drop

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The adjusted rate fell 26.5% from 1996 to 2011, but remains much higher than in the general population.

Diabetics' Stroke Risk Lower with High Fiber, Vegetable Intake

Diabetics' Stroke Risk Lower with High Fiber, Vegetable Intake

Linked to reduced risk of stroke, not coronary heart disease, in Japanese with type 2 diabetes.

Exercise Cuts Kidney Stone Risk in Women

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Even modest activity is beneficial, researchers report.

Erectile Dysfunction, Macular Degeneration Linked

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ED and neovascular age-related macular degeneration share some similar risk factors.

Starting Dialysis Early May Worsen Outcomes

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Results show an increased risk of mortality and hospitalizations compared with late starts.

Survey: Docs Not Discussing Cancer Screening Risks with Patients

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Only 9.5% of the study participants were told about the possibilities of overdiagnosis and overtreatment by their physicians.

Vitamin D Supplements Do Not Raise Kidney Stone Risk

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A serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level of 20 to 100 ng/mL has no significant association with kidney stone incidence.

Newborns Among Hardest Hit by Inpatient AKI

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Infants aged one month or younger who experience acute kidney injury during hospitalization have a 31% death rate.

Pre-Dialysis Weight Loss in the Elderly Signals Higher Death Risk

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Changes in body weight in advance of dialysis initiation are associated with significantly increased one-year mortality among nursing home residents.

Prehypertension Ups End-Stage Renal Disease Risk

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Blood pressure (BP) of 130-139/85-89 mm Hg is associated with a twofold increased risk compared with BP less than 120/80 mm Hg.

Dialysis Patients Hospitalized on Weekends Have Worse Outcomes

Dialysis Patients Hospitalized on Weekends Have Worse Outcomes

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They have a higher inpatient mortality risk and longer lengths of stay compared with those admitted on weekdays.

Hemodialysis Patients Suffering Fewer Hip Fractures

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Trend may be due in part to changes in the management of bone mineral disease, researchers speculate.

Prostatic Inflammation Does Not Raise Prostate Cancer Risk

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Inflammation in prostate biopsy specimens is not a useful indicator in PCa screening, researchers conclude.

Bicycling Leads All Sports in Genitourinary Injuries

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Researcher calculates that 43,200 such injuries occurred in the U.S. from 2002-2010.

Women's Phosphorus Levels Affected by Estrogen

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Phosphorus levels are lower in postmenopausal women on estrogen replacement therapy.

Reduced Kidney Function Hikes Cancer Death Risk

Reduced Kidney Function Hikes Cancer Death Risk

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The highest risks of cancer-related mortality were in individuals with urinary tract and breast cancers.

Coffee May Cut Risk of Prostate Cancer Recurrence, Progression

Coffee May Cut Risk of Prostate Cancer Recurrence, Progression

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Drinking one or more cups per day reduces the risk by 56% compared with drinking one or fewer cups per week.

Elevated PSA Linked to Shiftwork

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Findings support the notion of a link with sleep or circadian disruption.

Obesity's Impact on Mortality Previously Underestimated

Obesity's Impact on Mortality Previously Underestimated

Nearly 16% of white males' deaths, 22% of white females' deaths from obesity.

Heavy Smoking Raises Prostate Cancer Risk in Blacks

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Researchers find no association in whites.

Lifetime CKD Risk High in the U.S.

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Chronic kidney disease stage 3 or worse will develop in an estimated 59% of people born today.

Erectile Dysfunction Prevalence, Risk Factors Characterized

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Likelihood of the condition increases 11% per year beginning at age 45.

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