Diabetes

Aortic Stiffness, Concentric LV Remodeling Linked in T2DM

Aortic Stiffness, Concentric LV Remodeling Linked in T2DM

Aortic distensibility independently linked to concentric left ventricular remodeling

Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes

Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes

Breakfast time mediates the association between morning-evening preference and BMI

Few US Adults Meet Most T2DM Risk Reduction Goals

Few US Adults Meet Most T2DM Risk Reduction Goals

Overall, 21, 29, and 13% meet goals for fruit, vegetable, and dairy intake, respectively

No Reduced CVD Risk for SBP <120 mm Hg in Type 2 Diabetes

No Reduced CVD Risk for SBP <120 mm Hg in Type 2 Diabetes

Increased risk of CVD for achieved systolic blood pressure of 120 versus 130 or 140 mm Hg

Fenofibrate Therapy Slows CKD Progression in Diabetics

Fenofibrate Therapy Slows CKD Progression in Diabetics

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In a study of patients with type 2 diabetes, researchers observed a significantly lower annual decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate among those treated with fenofibrates vs placebo.

Most Disliked Dialysis Dietary Restriction Is Limited Fluid Intake

Most Disliked Dialysis Dietary Restriction Is Limited Fluid Intake

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In a survey, nearly one-third of hemodialysis patients said they disliked fluid restriction.

DPP-4I Not Tied to Increased Risk of Acute Pancreatitis in Seniors

DPP-4I Not Tied to Increased Risk of Acute Pancreatitis in Seniors

Among adults with heart disease, risk increased with DPP-4I vs thiazolidinedione not sulfonylureas

Diabetes Treatments

Antidiabetic agents for the treatment of diabetes including maintenance and max doses chart.

Diabetes, HbA1c Linked to Adverse Outcomes After Surgery

Diabetes, HbA1c Linked to Adverse Outcomes After Surgery

DM tied to 6-month mortality, major complications, ICU admission, mechanical ventilation, LOS

Weight Loss Intervention Reduces Long-Term Disability in Diabetes

Weight Loss Intervention Reduces Long-Term Disability in Diabetes

10-year lifestyle, weight loss changes increased disability-free years in women, those without CVD

DPP-4 Inhibitors Linked to Inflammatory Bowel Disease

DPP-4 Inhibitors Linked to Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Higher risk of inflammatory bowel disease with longer use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor

Acute Kidney Injury Hospitalizations Increased 2000 to 2014

Acute Kidney Injury Hospitalizations Increased 2000 to 2014

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AKI hospitalizations were 4 times more likely among patients with diabetes.

Grilled Meats Increase Type 2 Diabetes Risk

Grilled Meats Increase Type 2 Diabetes Risk

Using open flames or high temps to cook red meat, chicken both linked to higher risk of T2DM

Intranasal Insulin Appears Safe

Intranasal Insulin Appears Safe

However, more data is needed on the long-term safety of chronic intranasal insulin administration

ACP Update: HbA1c Targets for Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes

ACP Update: HbA1c Targets for Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes

Clinicians should personalize glycemic control goals; aim for HbA1c of 7 to 8% for most adults.

Diabetes Reclassified Into 5 Groups

Diabetes Reclassified Into 5 Groups

These clusters show differing disease progression and risk of diabetic complications

Fenofibrate Has Wide Range of Treatment Effects in T2DM

Fenofibrate Has Wide Range of Treatment Effects in T2DM

Treatment effect is greater in patients with dyslipidemia; absolute risk reduction of 2.15%

Early-Onset Type 2 Diabetes Tied With Increased Mortality Risk

Early-Onset Type 2 Diabetes Tied With Increased Mortality Risk

Earlier diagnosis of T2DM tied to increased mortality, mainly driven by cardiovascular disease mortality

GFR Decline Tied to Protein Intake in Diabetic Blacks

GFR Decline Tied to Protein Intake in Diabetic Blacks

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The percentage decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate over an 8-year period was greater among those with vs without diabetes across all quintiles of protein intake.

Prediabetes Diagnosed by A1c Tied With Excess Risks

Prediabetes Diagnosed by A1c Tied With Excess Risks

Prediabetes measured by FPG, 2-hour plasma glucose not linked to increased risk of major event.

Perioperative Glucose Not A1c Predicts Death

Perioperative Glucose Not A1c Predicts Death

A1C is not associated with increased 30-day mortality after controlling for glucose

Ertugliflozin May Improve Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes

Ertugliflozin May Improve Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes

Improvement in glycemic control, reduction in body weight, SBP; increase in genital mycotic infections.

Rotating Night Shift Work May Up Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Rotating Night Shift Work May Up Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Working more night shifts per month linked to increased odds of type 2 diabetes

Abnormalities Present Decades Before Diabetes Diagnosis

Abnormalities Present Decades Before Diabetes Diagnosis

Subtle elevations in fasting glucose and triglycerides associated with developing type 2 diabetes

Death Risk Up in Diabetes With Low eGFR, No Albuminuria

Death Risk Up in Diabetes With Low eGFR, No Albuminuria

Mortality rates increasing among those with albumin-to-creatinine ratio 30 mg/g and low eGFR

CKD, Diabetes, CVD, and More Boost Risks for Cancer, Mortality

CKD, Diabetes, CVD, and More Boost Risks for Cancer, Mortality

Risk scores summarizing 8 diseases, markers tied to cancer risk in dose-response manner

Unstable Housing May Up Diabetes-Related Emergency Visits

Unstable Housing May Up Diabetes-Related Emergency Visits

Also linked to increased rate of hospitalization; very few receive help with housing through their clinic

Diabetes Patients at Greater Risk for Serious Infection

Diabetes Patients at Greater Risk for Serious Infection

Findings demonstrate an important population burden, including hospitalization and death.

Acute Kidney Injury Increases Risk for Hypoglycemia in Diabetes Pts

Acute Kidney Injury Increases Risk for Hypoglycemia in Diabetes Pts

AKI associated with 27% increased risk of hypoglycemia among patients with diabetes.

Diabetes, Prediabetes History Linked to Calcified Plaque

Diabetes, Prediabetes History Linked to Calcified Plaque

Diabetes and prediabetes duration also tied to worse subclinical systolic function, diastolic relaxation.

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