Periodontal Disease Predicts Coronary Calcium Buildup in Diabetics
Periodontal disease duration was linked with coronary calcification in type 1 diabetes patients, but not in those without diabetes.
(HealthDay News) -- In patients with type 1 diabetes, but not those without diabetes, periodontal disease duration is an independent predictor of long-term progression of coronary artery calcium (CAC), according to a study published in The American Journal of Cardiology.
Daniel W. Groves, M.D., from the University of Colorado-Denver in Aurora, and colleagues examined the interrelation between periodontal disease and CAC progression in individuals with and without type 1 diabetes. The prevalence and progression of CAC was assessed in relation to self-reported periodontal disease. During a mean of 6.1 years, 473 patients with type 1 diabetes and 548 without diabetes were followed.
The researchers observed no difference in the prevalence and duration of periodontal disease at baseline for subjects with versus without diabetes (14.5 versus 13.4%; P = 0.60; 6 versus 9 years; P = 0.18). There was no significant association observed between duration of periodontal disease and baseline CAC prevalence. Periodontal disease duration was significantly related to CAC progression in patients with type 1 diabetes (P = 0.004), but not in those without diabetes (P = 0.63).
"In conclusion, this study suggests that periodontal disease is an independent predictor of long-term progression of CAC in patients with type 1 diabetes," the authors write.