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Possible reasons include malabsorption of immunosuppressive drugs and deposition of oxalate crystals in transplanted kidneys.
Rates of non-adherence to follow-up care and medication regimens also found to differ by race.
Some donors spend years on dialysis before being placed on the kidney transplant waiting list.
Each Hounsfield unit increase on CT is associated with a 7% decreased risk of death among waitlisted kidney transplant candidates.
Coronary artery disease before transplantation increases death risk by 77%, study finds.
An eGFR decline of at least 30% during the 6 to 24 months after kidney transplantation predicts a higher risk of graft loss.
In a study, viral infections occurred in 52.4% of patients with a BMI of 35 kg/m2 or higher compared with 37.1% of those with a lower BMI.
Male gender, diabetes, and renal function decline at 90 days implicated as risk factors; patients rarely progress to end-stage renal disease.
CKD patients with daily sodium above 4,548 mg may help protect their cardiovascular health by reducing sodium in their diets, researchers suggested.
Japanese study demonstrates a 2-fold increased risk of death from any cause.
As elderly patients age, the number of drugs they take that may cause hyperkalemia increases.
Odds of non-fatal stroke are 49% higher in patients in the fourth quartile of uric acid level versus those in the second quartile.
No new safety concerns observed in a 52-week extension trial of etelcalcetide in hemodialysis with secondary hyperparathyroidism.
Phosphorus levels are higher when blood specimens are collected after weekends.
Paricalcitol-based protocol includes limited use of calcium-based phosphate binders.
Patients whose surgical wait time was 3 months or more versus less than 3 months had 10-fold increased odds of having a smaller tumor.
Recipients of kidneys from individuals who donated the organs after cardiac death are more likely to experience graft loss and delayed graft function.
Diabetics taking the drug had a significant 68% decreased risk of grade progression compared with diabetics not on the drug.
Decreasing salt intake could decrease the risk of recurrent kidney stones.
Researchers find no difference in 5-year disease-specific survival between multi-disciplinary bladder-sparing approach and radical cystectomy.
Large prostates and bladder neck sparing also predict longer time to return of continence.
Findings emerge from a study of hypogonadal men who underwent radiation therapy, surgery, or active surveillance for prostate cancer.
Greater visceral adipose tissue volume and density are associated with a lower the risk of biochemical recurrence.
Radiation therapy also is associated with a greater likelihood of fractures.
Regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for 10 years or more increased the risk of dying from renal cell carcinoma nearly 4-fold.
The protective effect was not observed with other anti-diabetic medications.
Patients who underwent upfront cytoreductive nephrectomy lived 6.4 months longer than those treated with upfront targeted therapy, a study found.
Through diet and exercise, prostate cancer patients can decrease their risk of dying from their illness.
The finding of lower bladder cancer incidence in patients receiving pelvic radiation contrasts with previous research.
Researchers estimate that 40% of pathologic response in MIBC patients receiving both neoadjuvant chemo and TURBT is due to TURBT.
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NEPHROLOGY & UROLOGY NEWS
- Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)
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