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ERA-EDTA Congress Stroke Risk Lower with Kidney Transplants vs. Dialysis

Stroke Risk Lower with Kidney Transplants vs. Dialysis

Their risk of a stroke was 46% lower than that of dialysis patients.

ERA-EDTA Congress Dialysis Patients More Likely to Die in Winter

Dialysis Patients More Likely to Die in Winter

Austrian study finds a death rate in winter of 1.60 deaths per 100 patient-months compared with 1.06 deaths per 100 patient-months in summer.

American Transplant Congress Discharge Disposition Affects Transplant Patient Readmission Risk

Discharge Disposition Affects Transplant Patient Readmission Risk

Patients discharged with home health or to a skilled nursing facility also were more likely to be readmitted.

American Transplant Congress Race Gap in Kidney Transplant Outcomes Narrows Dramatically

Race Gap in Kidney Transplant Outcomes Narrows Dramatically

At the end of a 22-year study period, the 1- and 3-year risk of graft loss did not differs significantly between black and white recipients.

American Transplant Congress Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Kidney Tx Patients Characterized

Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Kidney Tx Patients Characterized

Study reveals a 13% incidence of CIN in allograft recipients undergoing computed tomography or cardiac catheterization with contrast media.

American Transplant Congress Post-Transplant Renal Function Decline Predicts Worse Outcomes

Post-Transplant Renal Function Decline Predicts Worse Outcomes

A 30% decline in eGFR between 1 and 3 years post-transplant is associated with an increased risk of all-cause graft loss and patient death.

American Transplant Congress PPIs, Low Magnesium Linked in Renal Transplant Patients

PPIs, Low Magnesium Linked in Renal Transplant Patients

Study of renal transplant patients also shows that proton pump inhibitors are associated with increased arterial stiffness.

American Transplant Congress Diabetic Donor Kidneys Associated with Worse Outcomes

Diabetic Donor Kidneys Associated with Worse Outcomes

Recipients of diabetic donor kidneys—especially diabetic recipients—are at increased risk of graft loss and death.

American Transplant Congress Donor Kidneys Usable Despite Acute Kidney Injury

Donor Kidneys Usable Despite Acute Kidney Injury

Recipients of AKI kidneys have patient and graft survival rates similar to those of recipients of non-AKI kidneys.

American Transplant Congress Weight Loss May Lower the Risk of Post-Transplant New-Onset Diabetes

Weight Loss May Lower the Risk of Post-Transplant New-Onset Diabetes

Kidney recipients who lost the most weight prior to transplantation had a 25% decreased risk versus those with the most weight gain.

American Transplant Congress Elderly Kidney Transplant Recipients Fare Better with Younger Donors

Elderly Kidney Transplant Recipients Fare Better with Younger Donors

Recipients aged 65 years and older who receive kidneys from donors in the same age group have a higher risk of death and delayed graft function.

Kidney Week 2014 Hyperphosphatemia Study Reveals Advantages of Non-Calcareous Phosphate Binders

Study Reveals Advantages of Non-Calcareous Phosphate Binders

Use of these agents is associated with a much lower incidence of hypercalcemia compared with the use of calcium carbonate or calcium acetate.

Kidney Week 2014 General News Kidney Cancer Linked to Kidney Stones

Kidney Cancer Linked to Kidney Stones

Meta-analysis reveals a significantly increased risk of kidney stones only in male patients with kidney cancer.

Kidney Week 2014 General News Calciphylaxis Risk Lower in Cinacalcet Users

Calciphylaxis Risk Lower in Cinacalcet Users

Calciphylaxis was 75% less likely to develop in patients who received the drug rather than placebo.

Kidney Week 2014 Anemia Ferric Citrate Controls Phosphorus, Cuts ESA Use

Ferric Citrate Controls Phosphorus, Cuts ESA Use

Over 52 weeks, the drug maintained hemoglobin levels while decreasing IV iron use in dialysis patients with anemia.

AUA 2015 Other Genitourinary Cancers Hematuria Evaluation in Primary Care Varies Widely

Hematuria Evaluation in Primary Care Varies Widely

Less than half of primary care providers refer patients with any degree of hematuria for urological evaluation.

AUA 2015 Other Genitourinary Cancers Urine Cytology Stain Detects Urothelial Carcinoma

Urine Cytology Stain Detects Urothelial Carcinoma

The test displayed an overall high sensitivity for detecting bladder tumors.

AUA 2015 Other Genitourinary Cancers Complete Hematuria Evaluation Occurs in Just 1 in 6 Patients

Complete Hematuria Evaluation Occurs in Just 1 in 6 Patients

Men at high-risk of bladder cancer were the most likely to be referred to urologists.

AUA 2015 Prostate Cancer Salvage Cryo Outcomes Similar After EBRT, Brachytherapy

Salvage Cryo Outcomes Similar After EBRT, Brachytherapy

Study reveals comparable rates of freedom from biochemical failure at 5 years.

AUA 2015 Other Genitourinary Cancers Early Tumor Shrinkage with TKIs Predicts mRCC Survival

Early Tumor Shrinkage with TKIs Predicts mRCC Survival

RCC tumor shrinkage significantly and independently predicted overall survival.

AUA 2015 Prostate Cancer Early ADT for Recurrent Prostate Cancer May Hike Death Risk

Early ADT for Recurrent Prostate Cancer May Hike Death Risk

This effect appears to occur mainly in men who experience recurrence when they are younger than 65 and in those with low-risk cancer.

AUA 2015 Other Genitourinary Cancers Neoadjuvant Sunitinib Linked to Improved Outcomes in RCC with Thrombus

Neoadjuvant Sunitinib Linked to Improved Outcomes in RCC with Thrombus

Neoadjuvant sunitinib was linked to primary tumor and thrombus shrinkage, reduced blood loss during surgery, as well as improved cancer-specific survival.

AUA 2015 Other Genitourinary Cancers Scrotal US for Pain Rarely Reveals Absolute Surgery Indications

Scrotal US for Pain Rarely Reveals Absolute Surgery Indications

Study shows that 81% of scrotal ultrasounds for pain demonstrate normal or benign findings.

AUA 2015 Other Genitourinary Cancers RCC Progression Rare After 10 Recurrence-Free Years Post-Nephrectomy

RCC Progression Rare After 10 Recurrence-Free Years Post-Nephrectomy

Pathological stage was the only independent factor linked to kidney cancer progression.

AUA 2015 Other Genitourinary Cancers 'Real-World' Patient Compliance with Bladder CA Therapy Poor

'Real-World' Patient Compliance with Bladder CA Therapy Poor

Researchers find rates lower than those observed in most clinical trials.

AUA 2015 Other Genitourinary Cancers Intensive Local Therapy to RCC Bone Metastases May Increase Survival

Intensive Local Therapy to RCC Bone Metastases May Increase Survival

The approach was defined as surgical resection with a wide margin or radiotherapy with a biologically effective dose of 140 Gy or greater.

AUA 2015 General News Delayed Stone Treatment Increases Morbidity

Delayed Stone Treatment Increases Morbidity

Unplanned clinical visits 15 times more likely among patients treated more than 45 days after diagnosis.

AUA 2015 Other Genitourinary Cancers Metastasectomy May Up Survival in Metastatic RCC Patients

Metastasectomy May Up Survival in Metastatic RCC Patients

In a study, patients who had the procedure had a better 5-year overall survival rate than those who did not (68% vs. 27%).

AUA 2015 Other Genitourinary Cancers Larger RCC Tumors Predict High-Grade Pathology

Larger RCC Tumors Predict High-Grade Pathology

New finding may inform treatment decisions.

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