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By Arlene B. Chapman, MD, and Jared J. Grantham, MD, FACP
Elderly patients face greater perioperative risks and postoperative mortality, so careful selection of surgical candidates is imperative.
The type and amount of ingested protein affects clinical outcomes such as protein-energy wasting, kidney function and even survival.
Keeping abreast of the most current treatments for idiopathic OAB can lead to improved outcomes and quality of life.
The first step in prevention is adequate and quantitative counseling regarding fluid intake, which is effective and inexpensive.
While bone loss and reduction in bone mineral density are well known consequences of ADT, the main concern is increased risk of osteoporotic fractures.
Treatment of LUTS secondary to BPH has evolved from surgical therapy to medical monotherapy, and now combination therapy.
Given the frequency with which these lesions are found, urologists and nephrologists should be familiar with their evaluation.
Emerging data suggest that thyroid hormone deficiency may be associated with greater cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in this population.
Urologists typically treat a renal cortical mass without biopsy, but this should be re-evaluated in the era of the incidental small renal cortical neoplasm.
Scientific speculation suggests that uremic toxins, viral mediators, and immune inhibition could play a role in malignant transformation.
It is hoped that selective screening, selective biopsy, and selective therapy will further decrease the morbidity associated with screening.
The routine incorporation of NMIBC clinical practice guidelines will reduce variation in care by closing the gap on inappropriate delivery, whether over- or underuse.
With increased incidence of obesity—and higher caloric and salt intake—in the general population, resistant hypertension is more prevalent than ever.
Given the intimate anatomical and physiological relationship of the adrenals to the kidney, an understanding of adrenal disease is imperative for urologists and nephrologists alike.
The management of patients with high-risk prostate cancer represents one of the biggest challenges today, with little consensus on optimal treatment.