Clinical Quiz

An Inflammatory Case of Acute Kidney Injury

An Inflammatory Case of Acute Kidney Injury

A 70-year-old woman presented with acute kidney injury. She has a 10-year history of type 2 diabetes and ...

Long-Term Renal Function Following Urinary Diversion

Long-Term Renal Function Following Urinary Diversion

A 54-year-old man with muscle-invasive bladder cancer underwent cystoprostatectomy and ileal orthotopic neobladder urinary diversion.

Pathology demonstrated pT2N0M0 Stage II disease. ...

A Case of Hematuria and Flank Pain

A Case of Hematuria and Flank Pain

A 20-year-old white man presented to the emergency room with severe, left-sided, upper abdominal pain that began upon awakening two ...

Adrenal Mass in a Patient with High-Risk RCC

Adrenal Mass in a Patient with High-Risk RCC

A 63-year-old man with history of a pT2N0M0 Stage II Grade 3 clear cell renal cell carcinoma who had undergone ...

Choice of First-Line Targeted Therapy Agent for Metastatic Clear Cell RCC

Choice of First-Line Targeted Therapy Agent for Metastatic Clear Cell RCC

A 55-year-old woman in excellent overall health was diagnosed with a13 cm left renal mass extending into the left renal ...

A Case of Massive Proteinuria

A Case of Massive Proteinuria

A 50-year-old white woman was admitted to the hospital for new-onset anasarca. She has no prior history of chronic kidney ...

The Role of Surgery in Patients with Metastatic RCC

The Role of Surgery in Patients with Metastatic RCC

A 55-year-old woman in excellent overall health underwent a CT urogram for evaluation of gross hematuria. Imaging demonstrates a 13 ...

Peritoneal Dialysis Patient with a Painful Wound

Peritoneal Dialysis Patient with a Painful Wound

A 22-year-old Hispanic woman presented to the emergency room complaining of erythema and pain on the lateral aspect of her ...

Quantifying Risk of Perioperative Death Following Cystectomy in the Elderly

Quantifying Risk of Perioperative Death Following Cystectomy in the Elderly

A 79-year-old man was diagnosed with muscle-invasive bladder cancer during a work-up for gross hematuria.

Acute Kidney Injury and Plasma Cell Dyscrasia

Acute Kidney Injury and Plasma Cell Dyscrasia

A 60-year-old man with a history of plasma cell dyscrasia was seen in a major hospital for progressive fatigue and ...

The Sin of Omission in Patients Undergoing Radical Cystectomy?

The Sin of Omission in Patients Undergoing Radical Cystectomy?

A 71-year-old man with a large bladder diverticulum and muscle-invasive high-grade urothelial carcinoma of the bladder has undergone neoadjuvant cisplatin-based ...

Lower Right Abdominal Pain in a Kidney Transplant Recipient

Lower Right Abdominal Pain in a Kidney Transplant Recipient

A 70-year-old woman complained of pain in the right lower abdomen in the region of her allograft. She received a ...

Approaches to Renal Surgery in the Frail Elderly

Approaches to Renal Surgery in the Frail Elderly

An 84-year-old woman who underwent renal biopsy for a right upper pole enhancing 4.3 cm renal mass is considering her ...

A Pregnant Woman with New Proteinuria

A Pregnant Woman with New Proteinuria

A Hispanic woman in her 20s is referred to nephrology for evaluation of recently discovered proteinuria. She is 16 weeks ...

High Complexity T1b Renal Mass in an Elderly Comorbid Patient

High Complexity T1b Renal Mass in an Elderly Comorbid Patient

An 84-year-old woman with excellent performance status and history of a transient ischemic attack, hypertension, rheumatoid arthritis, bradycardia requiring pacemaker, ...

A Young Man with Hypokalemia

A Young Man with Hypokalemia

A 37-year-old Hispanic man presented to the emergency department with three days of progressive dyspnea and fatigue. He had history ...

Reducing Recurrence after TURBT

Reducing Recurrence after TURBT

A 54-year-old otherwise healthy male was referred for evaluation of hematuria. Upper tract imaging is unremarkable, but local cystoscopy revealed ...

An African-American Man with Unexplained Acute Kidney Injury

An African-American Man with Unexplained Acute Kidney Injury

A 73-year-old African American man complained of generalized fatigue for two weeks, prompting a lab check and subsequent hospital admission ...

Micropapillary Urothelial Disease in a 61-Year-Old Man

Micropapillary Urothelial Disease in a 61-Year-Old Man

A 61-year-old otherwise healthy man is referred for evaluation of hematuria. A computed tomography urogram reveals a tumor on left ...

Woman with a Complicated Pregnancy Due to Preeclampsia

Woman with a Complicated Pregnancy Due to Preeclampsia

A 28-year-old Hispanic woman presented to a nephrology clinic after a complicated pregnancy that resulted in a delivery a few ...

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