Cardiovascular Disease

Uremic Toxin in Hemodialysis Patients Predicts Heart Failure Risk

Uremic Toxin in Hemodialysis Patients Predicts Heart Failure Risk

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High levels of indoxyl sulfate are associated with a more than 5-fold increased risk of a first heart failure event.

Strokes Raise Death Risk in Dialysis Patients

Strokes Raise Death Risk in Dialysis Patients

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The risk of dying after suffering a hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke is greatest in the first week.

Sildenafil (Viagra) Shows Cardioprotective Effect in Men

Sildenafil (Viagra) Shows Cardioprotective Effect in Men

Sildenafil (Viagra) has demonstrated improvement in heart function without any adverse effect on blood pressure.

Low Testosterone Raises Atherosclerosis Risk in Diabetics

Low Testosterone Raises Atherosclerosis Risk in Diabetics

Low testosterone may increase cardiovascular (CV) risk in middle-aged men with type 2 diabetes.

Hemodialysis Fistulas May Cause Adverse Cardiac Effects

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Study of AV fistula using cardiovascular MRI reveals increased cardiac output, dilation of heart chambers, and deterioration in endothelial function.

Lower Cardiovascular (CV) Death Risk in Dialysis Patients with High Sclerostin

Lower Cardiovascular (CV) Death Risk in Dialysis Patients with High Sclerostin

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The highest tertile of sclerostin level is associated with a 71% decreased risk of cardiovascular death vs. the lowest tertile.

Statins Provide Microvascular Benefit for Diabetics

Statins Provide Microvascular Benefit for Diabetics

Statin users with diabetes at lower risk of neuropathy, retinopathy, gangrene.

Self-Managed Hypertension Beneficial at High-Risk

Self-Managed Hypertension Beneficial at High-Risk

Analysis of self-monitoring, self-titration of meds in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease.

USPSTF: Counseling Recommended for Cardiovascular Risk

USPSTF: Counseling Recommended for Cardiovascular Risk

Overweight or obese adults with risk factors should be referred for intensive behavioral counseling.

Troponin Has Prognostic Value in Chronic Kidney Disease

Troponin Has Prognostic Value in Chronic Kidney Disease

Second review shows value in CKD with suspected ACS, limited by variable sensitivity/specificity.

Allopurinol Offers No Cardiovascular Benefit

Allopurinol Offers No Cardiovascular Benefit

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Allopurinol therapy is not associated with beneficial cardiovascular outcomes in gout patients.

Home Hemodialysis (HHD) Has Benefits, Disadvantages

Home Hemodialysis (HHD) Has Benefits, Disadvantages

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The risk of hospitalization for cardiovascular causes is lower, but the risk for infection-related hospitalization is higher.

Sodium Intake, Cardiovascular Disease Linked in Diabetes

Sodium Intake, Cardiovascular Disease Linked in Diabetes

Evidence of synergistic effect between hemoglobin A1c values and sodium intake.

CABG Outcomes Better in Kidney Disease Patients

CABG Outcomes Better in Kidney Disease Patients

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It is associated with better long-term survival and reduced risk of revascularization and myocardial infarction compared with PCI.

Neighborhood Affects Cardiovascular Health

Neighborhood Affects Cardiovascular Health

Associations for favorable food stores, physical activity resources with ideal CV health.

Kidney Donors Face Higher ESRD Risk

Kidney Donors Face Higher ESRD Risk

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They also are at elevated risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, study finds.

Kidney Donation Safe for Older Donors

Kidney Donation Safe for Older Donors

No differences found in mortality, CVD between donors, nondonors older than 55.

Testosterone Supplements Not Linked to Heart Attacks

Testosterone Supplements Not Linked to Heart Attacks

Finding runs counter to some prior reports; much larger trials are needed, experts say.

Interdialytic Weight Gain May Increase Cardiovascular Risks

Interdialytic Weight Gain May Increase Cardiovascular Risks

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A 4% or greater increase in dry weight is associated with a 2-fold increased risk of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events.

Lower BP Might Not Benefit Post-Hypertensives

Lower BP Might Not Benefit Post-Hypertensives

Among patients with hypertension, elevated systolic blood pressure is associated with the highest risk for CV.

Elevated Phosphorus May Increase Death Risk

Elevated Phosphorus May Increase Death Risk

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Researchers observed the association among individuals with serum phosphorus levels measured after fasting for 12 or more hours.

Red Meat Increases Heart Failure Risk in Men

Red Meat Increases Heart Failure Risk in Men

No increased risk found for consumption of unprocessed red meat.

Cardiovascular Events Hike CKD Patients' ESRD Risk

Cardiovascular Events Hike CKD Patients' ESRD Risk

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Heart failure, myocardial infarction, or stroke also increase the risk of death prior to ESRD.

Cardiovascular Endpoints Vary Based on High BP

Cardiovascular Endpoints Vary Based on High BP

Impact varies with CV end point; different effects for elevated systolic/diastolic BP.

Improved HTN Management Tied to Fewer Overall CVD Events

Improved HTN Management Tied to Fewer Overall CVD Events

Annual surveys in U.K. show drop in mean BP levels in men and women between 1994 and 2011.

Parental CVD Adversely Impacts Offsprings' Kidneys

Parental CVD Adversely Impacts Offsprings' Kidneys

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Study reveals a more rapid decline in annual eGFR among individuals whose parents had cardiovascular disease.

Kidney Stones Raise Cardiac Disease Risk

Kidney Stones Raise Cardiac Disease Risk

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Stones are associated with an increased risk of CVD, including coronary heart disease.

Study Finds No Resveratrol Health Benefits

Study Finds No Resveratrol Health Benefits

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Urinary resveratrol levels achieved with the Western diet show no influence on mortality, inflammatory markers, cardiovascular disease, or cancer.

Erectile, Ejaculatory Dysfunction More Common in Cardiac Patients

Erectile, Ejaculatory Dysfunction More Common in Cardiac Patients

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Study also shows a 6-fold higher rate of hypogonadism compared with the general population.

USPSTF: Obese CVD Patients Require Counseling

USPSTF: Obese CVD Patients Require Counseling

Draft recommendation statement supports intensive behavioral counseling interventions.

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