A new clinical review on cardiovascular disease and testosterone published between 1970 and 2013 has turned up mixed findings.
For years, dietary recommendations have focused on reducing saturated fat and its potential sources.
The Mediterranean diet is getting more attention because of its long-term benefits in terms of overall mortality and CVD risk.
Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients are more likely than non-dialysis patients to suffer an ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke.
New findings are at odds with those of previous small studies.
The two conditions together are associated with a 20-fold increased risk of atrial fibrillation.
Halving the dosage improved GFR in patients with stable heart failure and impaired renal function.
Emphasize vegetables, fruits, whole grains as part of healthy diet; exercise three to four times/week.
High A1c values are associated with a twofold increased likelihood of cardiovascular death or non-fatal cardiovascular events.
Vascular calcification contributes to increased cardiovascular risk in dialysis patients.
Serum levels vary throughout the day, and higher phosphorus intake exaggerates the early afternoon rise in serum phosphorus.
A cFLC level greater than 57.2 mg/L was independently associated with a 3.3 times increased risk for adverse CVD outcomes.
In a study, it was associated with a 29% increased risk of death and/or heart attack or stroke.
Men with low testosterone levels may be at slightly increased risk of developing or dying from cardiovascular disease.
Each 10 cc increment in epicardial adipose tissue is associated with a significant 6% increased risk of death in patients newly started on hemodialysis.
Declines in smoking and improved treatments offset by effects of aging and obesity.
A higher urinary ACRwas linked with a greater risk of incident CHD but not recurrent CHD.
But diuretics more effective than exercise for lowering mortality in heart failure.