Many Americans with Heart Disease Taking Aspirin
Clinical and community-based approaches should be used to increase aspirin use among low-use groups.
(HealthDay News) -- About 7 in 10 Americans with a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) or stroke regularly take aspirin, according to a report published in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
The study was based on an analysis of data from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Twenty states and the District of Columbia were included in the annual telephone survey. Of the 175,523 adults who participated in the survey, 12.5% reported a history of coronary heart disease, stroke, or both.
The researchers found that of the eligible adult respondents with preexisting CVD (17,984), 70.8% reported regular aspirin use, defined as every day or every other day. Nearly 93.6% of regular low-dose aspirin users with a history of CVD said they take it for heart attack prevention. Four out of 5 (79.6%) said they take it for stroke prevention, and 76.2% for both heart attack and stroke prevention. By state, aspirin use ranged from 71.7% of people with a history of CVD in Mississippi to 44.3% in Missouri.
Men, people aged 65 and older, whites, and those with at least 2 cardiovascular risk factors are more likely to use aspirin than other groups. To improve adherence to evidence-based practice guidelines, the researchers said doctors and community health care providers should target groups reporting lower aspirin use. These include Hispanics, blacks, and those without a high school diploma.