In a study, obese transplant recipients with low muscle mass had an increased risk of death but not graft loss.
The incidence of NODAT was 33.8% among patients who switched to everolimus and 36.4% among those who stayed on calcineurin inhibitors.
Opportunistic viral and fungal infections or malignancies develop in 34% of kidney transplant recipients, but these complications do not affect patient or graft survival.
Post-transplant UTI rates were lower when cephalexin was added to SMX-TMP than when SMX-TMP was used alone (7.5% vs 25.8%), study finds.
In a study, diabetes in both the donor and recipient was associated with triple the risk of death at 5 years post-transplant compared with the absence of diabetes in both the donor and recipient.
Highest level of opioid use in the year prior to transplantation was associated with a 45% and 28% increased risk of death and graft loss, respectively.
Kidney transplant recipients who experienced an episode of bacteremia had double the risks of graft failure and death.
Older patients with a Charlson Comorbidity Index score below 5 had a higher 3-year survival rate than those with a score of 5 or higher (90% vs 76%).
High-KDPI kidneys can improve the likelihood of a functioning graft compared with waiting for a superior kidney.
Venous thromboembolism is associated with a 4.1-fold increased risk of death and a 2.3-fold increased risk of death-censored graft loss among kidney transplant recipients.
Risk factors include impaired renal function and inadequate hydration prior to contrast exposure.
Angioplasty plus stenting is associated with less residual stenosis and a lower restenosis rate compared with angioplasty alone.
Researchers report that matching deceased kidney donors and kidney recipients by cytomegalovirus serostatus optimizes high- and low-risk profiles.
Five-year graft survival rates among recipients of kidneys from living donors increased from 76.6% in 1985-1894 to 85.4% in 2009-2015.
In a study of renal transplant patients who received ureteral stents, ciprofloxacin did not lower the incidence of UTI compared with SMX-TMP.
The adjusted 5-year risk of insulin use following donation is 5 times higher among obese vs normal weight donors.
Renal and Urology News Articles
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NEPHROLOGY & UROLOGY NEWS
- Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)
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- Diabetic Nephropathy
- End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
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- Peritoneal Dialysis
- Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT)