Racial Disparity in Survival Found in Pediatric Dialysis Patients

African-American children are 64% more likely to die than white children.
African-American children are 64% more likely to die than white children.

SEATTLE—African-American children on dialysis are more likely to die than their white counterparts, according to study findings presented at the 2016 Annual Dialysis Conference.

Hispanic children on dialysis, however, may fare better or at least no worse than white children.

The study, led by Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, MD, MPH, PhD, of the University of California, Irvine, included 895 African-American, 778 Hispanic, and 1,024 white children on dialysis. Compared with white children, African-American children had a significant 64% increased risk of death after adjusting for age, gender, dialysis vintage, dialysis modality, cause of end-stage renal disease, and socioeconomic status. Hispanic children had a 27% decreased risk of death, although this difference was not statistically significant, according to the investigators.

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